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英语用动词过去/过去完成时

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一、用动词过去/过去完成时:

  1. It is time that ...

   It is time that children got up. 孩子们该起床了。

   It is high time you left for Beijing. 你该分开去北京了。

  2. I would rather...

   I would rather you had left yesterday. 我宁愿你昨天就分开了。

   Frankly, I would rather he was absent. 坦白讲,我宁愿他没在场。

  3. If only...

   If only I had enough money. 要是我有足够的钱就好了。

   If only I had listened to my mother’s advice. 我要是之前遵从妈妈的倡议就好了。

4. as if/ though...

   She ordered me as if she was my boss. 她指使我,仿佛是我老板似的。

   She looked at me as though I was a monster. 她像看只怪物似的看着我。

5. I wish that...

   I wish that I were a bird. 我希望本人是一只小鸟。

   I wish that I hadn’t said that. 我真希望本人没那么说过。

二、用神态助动词过去时:

1. 用于条件句:

   If I were you, I would not take part in this activity. 假如我是你,我不会参与这个活动。

   If you should lend me the money, I should be much obliged. 假如你把这钱借给我,我会感谢不尽的。

2. 用于委婉条件句:

  But for your help, I couldn’t finish the task.没有你的协助,我就完成不了这项任务。

  He who should violate the law would be punished. 违背法律的人,都要遭到惩罚。

3. 其他语境:

  I was shocked that she should forget me so quickly. 我很震惊,她居然这么快就遗忘我了。

   因而,由上可知,假如该句叙说内容与事实相反,或有假定意义,且呈现以上如“it is time 
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