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英语转化法学英语,快来试试

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  1. 动词转化为名词

  ●Let me have a try.

  让我试试。

  ●They are only allowed to sell soft drinksat school.

  在学校里只准许他们出卖不含酒精的饮料。

  2. 名词转化为动词

  ●He shoulderedhis way through the crowd.

  他用肩膀推开人群行进。

  ●The smell from the kitchen made his mouth water.

  从厨房传来的气息使他流口水。

  3. 形容词转化为动词

  ●We will try our best to betterour living conditions.

  我们要尽力改善我们的生活情况。

  ●They tried to perfectthe working conditions.

  他们努力改善工作条件。

  4. 形容词转化为名词

  ●He didn’t know the difference between rightand wrong.

  他不辨是非。

  ●The oldin our village are living a happy life.

  我们村的老年人过着幸福的生活。

  5. 形容词转化为副词

  ●How longhave you lived there?

  你在那儿住多久了?

  6. 个别词在一定场所中可转化为名词

  ●Warm clothes are a mustin the mountains.

  穿暖和的衣服到山区去是必需的。

  ●Life is full of upsand downs.

  人生有自得时也有失意时。

  ●His argument contains too many ifsand buts.

  他的争辩中含有太多的“假如”和“但是”。

二. 合成法

  由两个或两个以上的单词连在一同合成一个新词,这种构词法叫做合成法,合成的词叫做合成词。合成词普通看其词,知其意。

  1. 合成名词

  ●名词/代词+名词 newspaper blood-test she-wolf

  ●动词+名词 typewriter pickpocket daybreak

  ●形容词+名词 greenhouse highway

  ●副词+名词 overcoat outside

  ●名词+v.-ing/v.-ing +名词 handwriting reading-room freezing-point

  ●动词+副词/ 副词+ 动词 breakthrough get-together outbreak outcome

  ●名词+介词+名词 sister-in-law editor-in-chief

  2. 合成形容词

  ●名词+形容词/形容词+名词 world-famous duty-free large-scale long- term

  ●副词+形容词 over-anxious evergreen

  ●名词+过去分词 man-made sun-burnt

  ●名词+如今分词 peace-loving English-speaking

  ●形容词+如今分词 good-looking easy-going

  ●副词+过去分词 well-informed widespread

  ●副词+如今分词 hardworking far-reaching

  ●形容词+名词+ed warm-hearted absent-minded

  ●数词+名词+ed three-legged ten-storied

  ●数词+名词 one-way five–star

  ●数词+名词+形容词 ten-year-old 800-meter-long

  ●名词+to+名词 face –to-face door - to -door

  3. 合成动词

  ●名词+动词 baby-sit sleepwalk

  ●副词+动词 outnumber underestimate overwork

  ●形容词+动词 whitewash

  4. 合成副词

  ●形容词+名词 meanwhile anyway

  ●形容词+副词 everywhere anyhow

  ●副词+副词 however

  ●介词+名词 beforehand overhead

  ●介词+副词 forever

  5. 合成代词

  ●代词宾格+self/selves herself themselves

  ●物主代词+self/selves myself yourselves

  ●形容词+名词 anything nothing

  6. 合成介词

  ●副词+名词 inside outside

  ●介词+副词 without within

  ●副词+介词 into

三. 派生法

  由一个词加上前缀或后缀构成一个与原单词意义相近或截然相反的新词叫做派生法。

  1. 前缀

  除少数前缀外,前缀普通改动单词的意义,但不改动单词的词性。

  (1)表示否认意义的前缀

  ●un- unhappy unfinished undress

  ●dis- disagree disbelieve

  ●in- [il-(在字母l前),im- (在字母m,b,p前),ir- (在字母r前)] inaccurate illegal impolite imbalance irregular

  ●mis- misbehave mislead mistake

  ●non- nonstop nonsmoker

  (2)表示其他意义的前缀

  ●en- “使……”enrich enlarge encourage

  ●inter- “互相”international intercontinental

  ●re- “再,又,重”rethink retell recycle

  ●tele- “远程的”telescope telephone telegraph

  ●auto- “自动的”automatic automobile

  ●co- “共同”coworker cooperate coexist

  ●anti- “反对,抵御”antiwar antifreeze antinuclear

  ●multi- “多”multistory multicultural multicolor

  ●bi- “双,二”bicycle bilingual bilateral

  ●micro- “极小的,微小的”microwave microcomputer

  ●over- “太多,过火”overwork overdo overestimate

  ●self- “本人,自身”self-centered self-confident self-control

  ●under- “在……下面,……下的,缺乏的”underline, underground, underestimate, underrate
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