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比较级有意味的形容词解析

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比较级有意味的形容词解析

某些-ior结尾的形容词本身已具有比较级的味道,不可用more...than或less...than修饰,而要与介词to并用。

常用的此类形容词一共有四个:

superior to 比……优越的
inferior to 比……差劲的
senior to   比……年长的;比……地位高的
junior to   比……年轻的;比……地位低的

例:i really doubt john's competence; it seems quite obvious that he is inferior to his friend david.
(我真怀疑约翰的能力,很明显,他比他朋友大卫差劲。)

even though he is superior to most of his classmates, he is not arrogant.
(虽然他比大多数同学优秀,却不高傲。)

i am senior to him by five years.
= i am five years his senior.
= i am older than he by five years.
(我比他年长五岁。)

mary is senior to her husband in the company, but back home she is junior to him.
(在公司里,玛丽的职位比先生高,但回到家里,她的地位便在其夫之下。)

其他类似的词类:

prior to + n.在……之前(指时间)
= before + n.

posterior to + n. 在……之后(指时间)
=after +n.

例:prior to the war, he was a teacher.
(在战前,他是名老师。)

posterior to the war, he left the army.
(在战后,他离开了军队。)
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