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《每日语法》讲讲量词

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This is Everyday Grammar. I'm Kaveh.

欢迎收看《每日语法》栏目,我是Kaveh。

And I'm Lucija. And this episode is all about QUANTIFIERS.

我是Lucija,今日的节目咱们讲讲量词。

Wow Lucija, you're really excited about today's topic.

哇哦,Lucija,讲到今日的主题你很振奋哪!

I am! QUANTIFIERS.

是的,量词耶!

OK, what's going on with these quantifiers that are making you so excited?

好的,这些量词怎么了,让你这么振奋?

Well, let me tell you. A quantifier is a word that shows an amount or number. They give information about how much or how many of an item you are talking about.

噢,我来告诉你。量词是表示数量或数字的词,量词传达的是关于你所说物件的数量多少的信息。

How much or how many? Like,

how much/how many?比如:

How many people are coming over for dinner?

How many people are coming over for dinner?(有多少人过来吃晚餐?)

Or

抑或

How much food do we need for tonight's dinner?

How much food do we need for tonight's dinner?(今日的晚餐咱们需求多少食物?)

You've got it! There are quantifiers for COUNT NOUNS, NON COUNT NOUNS, and for both.

你理解了,数量词能够用来润饰可数名词、不可数名词,有些既能够润饰可数名词也能够润饰不可数名词。

The most popular quantifiers like SOME, MOST, PLENTY OF, ALL, and ANY are used with both count and noncount nouns. So, you should be safe with using these.

最受欢迎的数量词有:some/most/plenty of/all/any,这些数量词既能够润饰可数名词也能够润饰不可数名词;因而,用这些词润饰名词比较稳妥,例如:

He bought some furniture for the house. (noncount noun)

He bought some furniture for the house. (noncount noun)(他为家里添了一些家具;furniture为名词不可数)

Most Americans speak English. (count noun)

Most Americans speak English. (count noun)(大部分美国人说英语;Americans为可数名词)

I have plenty of food at home. (noncount noun)

I have plenty of food at home. (noncount noun)(我家里有很多食物;food为不可数名词)

All children are special. (count noun)

All children are special. (count noun)(一切的孩子都是特别的;children为可数名词)

Do you have any juice? (noncount noun)

Do you have any juice? (noncount noun)(你有果汁吗?juice为不可数名词)

All of these quantifiers are actually pretty interesting.

事实上,一切这些量词都适当有意思。

I told you. And we have plenty of time to go over all of them.

我告诉过你,而且咱们有满足的时间把一切这些量词过一遍;

Or just some of them.

或者仅仅部分;

But definitely most of them.

但肯定是大部分。

And that's Everyday Grammar.

以上就是今日节目的一切内容。
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