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用英语表达来教教你做甜点面面

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用英语表达来教教你做甜点面面
     The first desserts were candies, made from raw honeycomb and dried dates. It was not until the Middle Ages, when sugar was manufactured, that people began to enjoy more sweets but even then sugar was so expensive that it was only for the wealthy on special occasions. When you're looking at the history of desserts, it's interesting to note which dishes that are now desserts were once something entirely different.
     In Western culture, dessert is a course that typically comes at the end of a meal, usually consisting of sweet food. The word comes from the French language as dessert and this from Old French desservir, "to clear the table" and "to serve". Common desserts include cakes, cookies, gelatin, pastries, ice cream, pie, and candies. Fruit may also be eaten with the dessert. In Russia, breakfast foods such as Bliny, Oladi, and Syrniki served with honey and jam are also popular as desserts.
     The word dessert is most commonly used for this course in U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland, while sweet, pudding or afters may be alternative terms used in the UK and some other Commonwealth countries, including India. In England, the term pudding is usually used among the Upper and Upper-middle classes, with dessert only used if the course consists of fruit or sweetmeats, after the cheese and biscuits course (See U and non-U English).

     Desserts are often eaten with a dessert spoon, intermediate in size between a teaspoon and a tablespoon.
     Elimination of dessert foods may be a strategy used in dieting, in order to reduce the amount of calories, carbohydrates, or fat consumed.
     2 关于甜点的表达方式
     (1)常见西点称谓的表达方式
     Dessert is the last course of a meal. In the United States dessert is likely to consist of pastry, cake, ice cream, pudding, or fresh or cooked fruit. British meals traditionally end with nuts, fruits, and port or other dessert wine, while French practice is to end with fruit, cheese, and wine; in both cuisines, a more elaborate meal would include a sweet course preceding the dessert offerings. In Spain, Portugal, and Latin-American countries, desserts of flan baked caramel custard are ubiquitous.
     Original Coffee Mexican bread       原味咖啡墨西哥面包
     French bread               法式面包
     Toast                   土司
     sweet bread                甜面包
     mousse cake                慕斯蛋糕
     tiramisu                  提拉米苏
     cheese cake                芝士蛋糕
     Black Forest cake             黑森林蛋糕
     Milk fruit cake              鲜奶水果蛋糕
     Donuts                  甜甜圈
     Denmark bread               丹麦面包
     Shortening bread              起酥面包
     Pudding                  布丁
     Puff                    松饼
     甜点的历史十分长久, 几百年来, 经过无数面点师及甜汤制造厨师的精心改进,甜品已成为世界饮食文化园中一朵绮丽的奇葩。西方不断有这样一句谚语:"女人有两个胃,一个用来装饭,一个用来装甜点。"固然话里包含了对女性热衷于甜点的调侃,却道出了西方甜点文化在餐饮上无足轻重的位置。甜点的消费人群愈加普遍,人们对甜点的认识也不再拘泥于"井底",品茶、闲谈、宴会、喝咖啡,以至在读书看报的时间里,甜点都会如影随形,一些制造精巧、摆放也颇有考究的小甜点成为不少人的"心头所好"。
Part 2 Key words & Sentences 关键词语全晓得
     The custard tart is a lovely treat to come home to and goes wonderfully with a cup of Earl Grey tea. You just can't get more English than that.
     在家款待客人,蛋挞是很好的选择。再配上一杯格雷伯爵茶,那滋味更是妙趣横生,没有比这更英式的美味了。
     For centuries jellies have figured importantly among English desserts, particularly upon festive occasion.
     几个世纪以来,凝胶剂在英国甜点中扮演着很重要的角色,特别是在节日的时分。Yogurt serve with honey is a popular Greek dessert.加蜜的酸奶是一道人们喜欢的希腊甜点。
     Any of various soft sweet desserts thickened is usually made with flour and baked or boiled or steamed.
     各种软的加糖的甜点,通常用面粉增稠,然后烘焙、煮或蒸。
     Pudding is a sweet dessert, usually containing flour or a cereal product that has been boiled, steamed, or baked.
     布丁是一种通常由煮过、蒸过或烤过的面粉与谷物制成的甜食。
     Fruit pudding is sweetened dough wrapped around fruit, such as an apple, baked and served as a dessert.
     水果布丁包是有水果(如苹果)馅的甜面,烤制后用作点心。
     Fruit dessert is made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut.
     水果甜点由橘子、香蕉和切碎的椰子组成。
     Torte is a dessert of firm, smooth custard with a topping of caramel syrup.
     果酱饼是一种有坚硬的润滑酥皮且顶部有焦糖色果汁的甜点心。
     The custard tart is regarded as one of Britain's traditional dishes. It remained a favourite over the centuries and is just as popular today.
     蛋挞是公认的英国传统美食之一,几百年来不断深得人们的喜欢,直到今天依然广受欢送。
     Queen Elizabeth the II was also served custard tart as the dessert for her recent 80th birthday celebration.
     女王伊丽莎白二世80岁的寿宴上,蛋挞也被作为甜点招待宾客。
     Today, custard tarts are usually made from short crust pastry, eggs, sugar, milk or cream, and vanilla, sprinkled with nutmeg and baked.
     往常,蛋挞通常以松脆的酥皮、鸡蛋、糖、牛奶或奶油、香草为原料,撒上肉豆蔻烤制而成。
     To make them a special treat The custard tarts can be topped with fresh strawberries or raspberries.
     以蛋挞招待尊贵的客人时,还能够在顶部放上新颖的草莓或覆盆子。
     Trifle is a dish made from thick custard, fruit, sponge cake, fruit juice, and whipped cream.
     水果松糕是由蛋奶沙司、水果、海绵蛋糕、果汁和搅打过的奶油特制而成。
     These ingredients are usually arranged in layers with fruit and sponge on the bottom, and custard and cream on top.
     水果和海绵蛋糕放在下层,蛋奶沙司和奶油放在上层。
     Some trifles contain a small amount of alcohol such as port or, most commonly, sweet sherry.
     有些水果松糕含有一点点酒精,比方波提葡萄酒,最常见的是加一点甜雪利酒。
     Scones are a British snack of Scottish origin, similar to a quick bread made of wheat, barley or oatmeal.
     烤饼是从苏格兰传播而来的英国小吃,与小麦、大麦或燕麦烤制的面包有几分相像。
     British scones are often lightly sweetened, but may also be savory. They are often eaten with jam and cream.
     英国烤饼通常有一点点甜,也有比拟咸的。烤饼通常搭配着果酱、奶油一同食用。
     Cheddar cheese is a hard, pale yellow to orange, sharp-tasting cheese originally (and still) made in the English village of Cheddar, in Somerset.
     车达奶酪很硬,从淡黄色到橙色都有,奶酪味很重,最早(如今)在英国桑莫塞郡车达村产出。
     Cheddar cheese is the most popular cheese in the United Kingdom, accounting for just over 50% of the country's annual cheese market.
     在英联邦,车达奶酪是最受欢送的,每年占有全国奶酪市场50%的份额。
     Trifle made in individual portions makes an Ideal Desert for Weddings or large Social Gatherings.
     单份呈现的水果松糕可成为婚礼或者社交场所的一个圆满甜点。
     Ice cream has been one of the world's best-loved desserts for centuries.
     冰激凌是几个世纪以来世界上最受欢送的甜点之一。
     It is easy to make ice cream at home. All you need is eggs, milk, sugar and some fruit or chocolate.
     在家做冰激凌很容易。你需求的只是鸡蛋、牛奶、糖、一些水果或巧克力。
     The double-decker macaroon is two shells of the meringue-like pastry held together by creamy ganache filling.
     双层蛋白杏仁甜饼--一种由奶油巧克力淋酱填充的双层蛋白糖糕。
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