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     The first desserts were candies, made from raw honeycomb and dried dates. It was not until the Middle Ages, when sugar was manufactured, that people began to enjoy more sweets but even then sugar was so expensive that it was only for the wealthy on special occasions. When you're looking at the history of desserts, it's interesting to note which dishes that are now desserts were once something entirely different.
     In Western culture, dessert is a course that typically comes at the end of a meal, usually consisting of sweet food. The word comes from the French language as dessert and this from Old French desservir, "to clear the table" and "to serve". Common desserts include cakes, cookies, gelatin, pastries, ice cream, pie, and candies. Fruit may also be eaten with the dessert. In Russia, breakfast foods such as Bliny, Oladi, and Syrniki served with honey and jam are also popular as desserts.
     The word dessert is most commonly used for this course in U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland, while sweet, pudding or afters may be alternative terms used in the UK and some other Commonwealth countries, including India. In England, the term pudding is usually used among the Upper and Upper-middle classes, with dessert only used if the course consists of fruit or sweetmeats, after the cheese and biscuits course (See U and non-U English).

     Desserts are often eaten with a dessert spoon, intermediate in size between a teaspoon and a tablespoon.
     Elimination of dessert foods may be a strategy used in dieting, in order to reduce the amount of calories, carbohydrates, or fat consumed.
     2 关于甜点的表达方式
     Dessert is the last course of a meal. In the United States dessert is likely to consist of pastry, cake, ice cream, pudding, or fresh or cooked fruit. British meals traditionally end with nuts, fruits, and port or other dessert wine, while French practice is to end with fruit, cheese, and wine; in both cuisines, a more elaborate meal would include a sweet course preceding the dessert offerings. In Spain, Portugal, and Latin-American countries, desserts of flan baked caramel custard are ubiquitous.
     Original Coffee Mexican bread       原味咖啡墨西哥面包
     French bread               法式面包
     Toast                   土司
     sweet bread                甜面包
     mousse cake                慕斯蛋糕
     tiramisu                  提拉米苏
     cheese cake                芝士蛋糕
     Black Forest cake             黑森林蛋糕
     Milk fruit cake              鲜奶水果蛋糕
     Donuts                  甜甜圈
     Denmark bread               丹麦面包
     Shortening bread              起酥面包
     Pudding                  布丁
     Puff                    松饼
     甜点的历史十分长久, 几百年来, 经过无数面点师及甜汤制造厨师的精心改进,甜品已成为世界饮食文化园中一朵绮丽的奇葩。西方不断有这样一句谚语:"女人有两个胃,一个用来装饭,一个用来装甜点。"固然话里包含了对女性热衷于甜点的调侃,却道出了西方甜点文化在餐饮上无足轻重的位置。甜点的消费人群愈加普遍,人们对甜点的认识也不再拘泥于"井底",品茶、闲谈、宴会、喝咖啡,以至在读书看报的时间里,甜点都会如影随形,一些制造精巧、摆放也颇有考究的小甜点成为不少人的"心头所好"。
Part 2 Key words & Sentences 关键词语全晓得
     The custard tart is a lovely treat to come home to and goes wonderfully with a cup of Earl Grey tea. You just can't get more English than that.
     For centuries jellies have figured importantly among English desserts, particularly upon festive occasion.
     几个世纪以来,凝胶剂在英国甜点中扮演着很重要的角色,特别是在节日的时分。Yogurt serve with honey is a popular Greek dessert.加蜜的酸奶是一道人们喜欢的希腊甜点。
     Any of various soft sweet desserts thickened is usually made with flour and baked or boiled or steamed.
     Pudding is a sweet dessert, usually containing flour or a cereal product that has been boiled, steamed, or baked.
     Fruit pudding is sweetened dough wrapped around fruit, such as an apple, baked and served as a dessert.
     Fruit dessert is made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut.
     Torte is a dessert of firm, smooth custard with a topping of caramel syrup.
     The custard tart is regarded as one of Britain's traditional dishes. It remained a favourite over the centuries and is just as popular today.
     Queen Elizabeth the II was also served custard tart as the dessert for her recent 80th birthday celebration.
     Today, custard tarts are usually made from short crust pastry, eggs, sugar, milk or cream, and vanilla, sprinkled with nutmeg and baked.
     To make them a special treat The custard tarts can be topped with fresh strawberries or raspberries.
     Trifle is a dish made from thick custard, fruit, sponge cake, fruit juice, and whipped cream.
     These ingredients are usually arranged in layers with fruit and sponge on the bottom, and custard and cream on top.
     Some trifles contain a small amount of alcohol such as port or, most commonly, sweet sherry.
     Scones are a British snack of Scottish origin, similar to a quick bread made of wheat, barley or oatmeal.
     British scones are often lightly sweetened, but may also be savory. They are often eaten with jam and cream.
     Cheddar cheese is a hard, pale yellow to orange, sharp-tasting cheese originally (and still) made in the English village of Cheddar, in Somerset.
     Cheddar cheese is the most popular cheese in the United Kingdom, accounting for just over 50% of the country's annual cheese market.
     Trifle made in individual portions makes an Ideal Desert for Weddings or large Social Gatherings.
     Ice cream has been one of the world's best-loved desserts for centuries.
     It is easy to make ice cream at home. All you need is eggs, milk, sugar and some fruit or chocolate.
     The double-decker macaroon is two shells of the meringue-like pastry held together by creamy ganache filling.
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