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户外运动的英语英文介绍

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 1  在自然环境下锻炼的诸多益处
     A systematic review carried out by a team at the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry has analyzed existing studies and concluded that there are benefits to mental and physical well-being from taking exercise in the natural environment.
     Eligible trials were those that compared the effects of outdoor exercise initiatives with those conducted indoors and which reported at least one physical or mental well-being outcome in adults or children.
     The study found that most trials showed an improvement in mental well-being: compared with exercising indoors, exercising in natural environments was associated with greater feelings of revitalisation, increased energy and positive engagement, together with decreases in tension, confusion, anger and depression. Participants also reported greater enjoyment and satisfaction with outdoor activity and stated that they were more likely to repeat the activity at a later date.
     However, none of the identified studies measured the effects of physical activity on physical well-being, or the effect of natural environments on sticking to exercise.

     On balance this review has identified some promising effects on selfreported mental well-being immediately following exercise in the natural environment, as opposed to those reported following exercise indoors. This is a first step towards vindicating the positive effects of programmes such as the Green Gym and Blue Gym, and innovative interventions by medical practitioners that include exercise outdoors as part of holistic treatments for those suffering from depression and similar psychological ailments.
     At present research analysts are working with a paucity of high quality evidence, and one significant outcome from this study is the urgent need for there to be further research in this area. Large, welldesigned longer-term trials in populations who might benefit most from the potential advantages of outdoor exercise are needed to fully analyze the effects of outdoor exercise on mental and physical well-being. Studies are also required that measure the influence of such effects on the sustainability of physical activity.
     2 各种户外运动的表达方式
     Hiking 徒步
     Hiking uses a lot of up-and-down movement, so you get a tremendous leg workout along with the cardiovascular benefits.
     Kayaking 划艇
     Kayaking is primarily an upper-body sport, but it also works the muscles of the center of your body, back, and stomach.Beginners should start by taking a class or clinic in a pool or flat-water location.
     Jogging 户外跑步
     Running is an excellent cardiovascular exercise. A 150-pound woman can burn 306 calories running for 30 minutes at 5 mph (a 12-minute mile).
     Cycling 脚踏车运动
     Not only is bicycling an excellent cardiovascular exercise, but you can really explore your community by cycling to different neighborhoods or in parks, bike paths, or trails.
     Rock climbing 攀岩
     Rock climbing is a sport in which participants climb up or across natural rock formations. The goal is to reach the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a pre-defined route without falling.
     户外运动是一项在自然场地举行的一组集体项目群。其中包括登山:体育运动的一类。运发动徒手或运用特地配备攀爬各种不同地形的山峰或山岭。 穿越 :主要靠行走去完成起点到终点的穿越里程。中间可能要逾越山岭、丛林、沙漠、雪原、溪流、峡谷等地貌的一种户外活动。 徒步:也即"HIKING",是户外运动的根本构成,能够简单天文解为长途步行。
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