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not so much...as...与其说是倒不如说是

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比较结构

3-8:not so much...as...

not so much...as...与其说是……倒不如说是……

1.l表“与其说是……倒不如说是……”,共有四种用法:

(1)not so+adj./adv.+as(adj.adv)
(2)not so much+n.+as+n.
(3)not so much+介词短语/不定式短语+as+介词短语/不定式短语
(4)not so much+动词+as+动词

2.not so+adj.adv+as(adj.adv.)

由于形容词或副词不能以much修饰,故不可用not so much+adj./adv.+as,而要用not so+adj./adv.+as的结构。

例:she is not so beautiful as charming.
= she is charming rather than beautiful.
(与其说她漂亮,不如说她迷人。)

本结构亦可改写成:

she is not beautiful so much as charming.

3.not so much +n.+as+n.

例:he is not so much a writer as a scholar.
= he is a scholar rather than a writer.
(与其说他是个作家,不如说他是个学者。)

he is not so much a genius as an idiot.
= he is an idiot rather than a genjus.
(与其说他是天才,不如说他是白痴。)

4.not so much+介词短语/不定式短语+as+介词短语/不定式短语

例:success lies not so much in luck as in hard work.
= success lies in hard work rather than (in) luck.
(与其说成功在于运气不如说在于辛勤努力。)

our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.
(我们的成功与其归功于你的帮忙,不如说是我们的合作。)

the great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.
= the great use of a school education is to teach you the art of learning rather than to teach you things.
(学校教育的最大用处,与其说是教你东西,不如说是教你学习的方法。)

5.not so much+动词+as+动词

例:the oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.
= the oceans do not divide the world so much as unite it.
= the oceans unite the world rather than divide it.
(与其说是海洋分割这个世界,不如说是统合这个世界。)

6.not so much as...甚至都不

= not even...

本词组使用时,要置于助动词之后,即

cannot so much as +原形动词 甚至……都不能
do not so much as +原形动词 甚至……都不
have not so much as +过去分词 甚至……都没有

例:he cannot so much as write his own name.
= he cannot even write his own name.
(他甚至连自己的名字都不会写。)

he did not so much as thank me.
= he did not even thank me.
(他甚至都没谢我。)

he has not so much as written a single word yet.
= he has not even written a single word yet.
(他甚至连半个字都还没写。)

注意

介词系词without之后亦可采用类似词组,即:

without so much as + v-ing
=without even + v-ing

例:he went away without so much as saying good-bye.
= he went away without even saying good-bye.
(他走了,连“再见”都没说。)

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