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荷兰这个词指国家也指地方

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荷兰是荷兰西部一个地区的常用名称。“荷兰”一词也经常用来指整个荷兰。这种用法被普遍接受,但仍是非正式的,荷兰其他地区的许多荷兰人不喜欢它。

从10世纪到16世纪,荷兰本土是一个统一的政治区域,一个由荷兰伯爵统治的郡。到了17世纪,荷兰已经成为海上和经济强国,统治着荷兰共和国的其他省份。

今天,荷兰前县由两个荷兰北荷兰省和南部的荷兰,一起包括荷兰三大城市:国家首都阿姆斯特丹;海牙政府所在地;还有鹿特丹,欧洲最大港口的所在地。

荷兰在荷兰的主导地位导致了其他省份的区域主义。这是对荷兰对其他省份的身份和当地文化造成的威胁的一种反应。

荷兰往往与特定的形象联系在一起。荷兰的传统形象是郁金香、风车、木屐、奶酪和传统服饰(klederdracht)的人工混合物。就像许多刻板印象一样,这与荷兰的真实生活相去甚远。这至少可以部分解释为在宣传荷兰和荷兰时积极利用这些陈腔滥调。事实上,只有在一些比较传统的村庄,如Volendam和Zaan地区的一些地点,仍然有一些居民穿着不同的服装和木鞋。

 Holland is a name in common usage given to a region in the western part of the Netherlands. The term Holland is also frequently used to refer to the whole of the Netherlands. This usage is generally accepted but nevertheless unofficial and disliked by many Dutch people in the other parts of the Netherlands.
     From the 10th century to the 16th century, Holland proper was a unified political region, a county ruled by the Count of Holland. By the 17th century, Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the Dutch Republic.
     Today, the former County of Holland consists of the two Dutch provinces of North Holland and South Holland, which together include the Netherlands' three largest cities:country capital Amsterdam; seat of government, The Hague; and Rotterdam, home of Europe's largest port.
     The predominance of Holland in the Netherlands has resulted in regionalism on the part of the other provinces. This is a reaction to the perceived threat that Holland poses to the identities and local cultures of the other provinces.


     Holland tends to be associated with a particular image. The stereotypical image of Holland is an artificial amalgam of tulips, windmills, clogs, cheese and traditional dress (klederdracht). As is the case with many stereotypes, this is far from the truth and reality of life in Holland. This can at least in part be explained by the active exploitation of these stereotypes in promotions of Holland and the Netherlands. In fact only in a few of the more traditional villages, such as Volendam and locations in the Zaan area, are the different costumes with wooden shoes still worn by some inhabitants.
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