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万圣节购物

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艾丽斯:嗯,你们两个觉得怎么样,我看起来怎么样?

海伦:哦,爱丽丝,这件连衣裙真漂亮,但是另一件看起来更好。

艾丽斯:嗯,它很可爱,不是吗?但是你说得对,那件蓝色的连衣裙看起来更好看。蒂姆?

蒂姆:哦,是的,很可爱,非常好。我们现在可以去看电脑游戏吗?

艾丽斯:好的,蒂姆,你一直很有耐心。我们先去买海伦的鞋,然后我们可以去电子商店。我想给我弟弟买一架照相机,然后海伦想给她爸爸买一本书,你是海伦吗?

海伦:是的,我想在那之后我们都会感到饿,所以我们会很快地吃点东西,然后爱丽丝想看看冬天的大衣。

蒂姆:我们开始吧……

艾丽斯:我保证不会花那么长的时间。


词汇:字汇


:华丽的美丽的

可爱的,美丽的


饥饿的(的):肚子有点饿的

有点饿


随便吃点东西:零食或轻食

小吃小吃或便餐


我们开始吧:又来了

这个短语用来表达对某事反复发生的轻微烦恼。在这个例子中,蒂姆对海伦和爱丽丝经常买衣服表示了轻微的沮丧。



本单元语言点是关于连系动词的用法,在英语中除了外,还有看,感觉,似乎,声音等,请看下面的解释和例句


动词用形容词-看,感觉,似乎,声音


动词、副词和形容词动词,副词,形容词


动词是描述动作的词,例如,走路、工作、开车。副词是描述动词所描述的动作如何完成的词。


他走得很慢——(他是怎么走的?)慢。)

她工作很努力——她是怎么工作的?困难。)

他开车很危险——(他是怎么开车的?)危险)。


有些动词可以与形容词连用,以便对动词的主语提供更多的信息。这些动词在形容词和主语的某一方面之间起连接作用。


海伦说:

爱丽丝,这件衣服真漂亮,可是另一件似乎更好看。(nice指的是裙子)


爱丽丝回答:

“它很可爱,不是吗?”但是你说得对,那件蓝色的连衣裙看起来更好看。(better指衣服);look指衣服的一个方面,这里指的是衣服的外观。


海伦说:

“从那以后,我想我们都会饿的……”(“peckish”指的是“我们”;“感觉”指的是“我们”的一个方面。换句话说,我们看起来不饿,我们听起来不饿,我们感到饿。



动词的感知、感觉和状态变化与形容词感知动词,状态动词后接形容词


可以用这种方式与形容词连用的动词称为连接动词。它们也被称为连接动词。他们可以分为几个组:


知觉动词:似,出现


你的计划似乎很现实。

他看上去比实际年龄大。


感官动词:视觉、感觉、味觉、嗅觉、声音


那件蓝色的连衣裙看起来更好看。

这种布料手感很好。

我不喜欢这些食物。味道可怕。

这些花闻起来很美。

那个音响系统听起来很贵。


状态变化动词:变成、成长、得到、去、转向


当她看到他们所做的事情时,她变得非常生气。

夜幕降临时,空气变冷了。

太阳变得越来越热。

他听到这个消息吓得脸色发白。

随着年龄的增长,我的头发开始变白。



更多关于动词,副词和形容词


动词带形容词。它们也可以作为带副词的动词。


她看上去生气了(形容词)

她生气地(副词)看着她的丈夫。在这里,“看”是一种故意的行为。


这蛋糕尝起来很美(形容词)。

她很快地尝了尝蛋糕。在这里,“品味”是一种深思熟虑的行为

关于圣诞节购物的对话。

Alice: Hmm, what do you think, you two, how do I look?
Helen: Ooh, it's a gorgeous dress, Alice, but the other one seemed nicer.
Alice: Mmm, it is lovely, isn't it? But you're right, the blue dress looks better. Tim?
Tim: Oh yes, lovely, very nice. Can we go and look at the computer games now?
Alice: Ok Tim, you've been very patient. Let's just get Helen's shoes and then we can go to the electronics shop. I want to buy a camera for my brother, and then Helen wants to get a book for her Dad, don't you Helen?
Helen: Yes, and after that I expect we'll all be feeling peckish, so we'll have a quick bite to eat, and then Alice wants to look at winter coats.
Tim: Here we go...
Alice: It won't take as long as the dress, I promise!

Vocabulary:字汇

gorgeous (adj):美丽的
lovely, beautiful

peckish (adj):肚子有点饿的
a little bit hungry

a bite to eat:零食或轻食
a snack or light meal

here we go:又来了
this phrase is used to show mild annoyance at something happening repeatedly. In this case, Tim is expressing mild frustration at Helen and Alice's constant clothes shopping.


本单元语言点是关于连系动词的用法,在英语中除了 be 外,还有look, feel, seem, sound 等,请看下面的解释和例句

Verbs which take adjectives - look, feel, seem, sound

Verbs, adverbs and adjectives 动词、副词、形容词

A verb is a word which describes an action - for example, walk, work, drive. Adverbs are words which describe how the actions described by verbs are perfomp3ed.

He walked slowly - (How did he walk? Slowly.)
She worked hard - (How did she work? Hard.)
He drives dangerously - (How does he drive? Dangerously.)

Some verbs can be used with adjectives, to give more infomp3ation about the subject of the verb. These verbs function as a link between the adjective and a particular aspect of the subject.

Helen says:
'It's a gorgeous dress, Alice, but the other one seemed nicer.' ('nice' refers to 'the dress')

Alice replies:
'It is lovely, isn't it? But you're right, the blue dress looks better.' ('better' refers to 'the dress'; 'look' refers to an aspect of the dress - here, the way it looks)

Helen says:
'And after that I expect we'll all be feeling peckish...' ('peckish' refers to 'we'; 'feel' refers to an aspect of 'we'. In other words, we don't look peckish, we don't sound peckish, we feel peckish.)


Verbs of perception, sense and change-of-state with adjectives 感知动词,状态动词后接形容词

Verbs which can be used with adjectives in this way are called link verbs. They are also known as copula verbs. They can be divided into groups:

Verbs of perception: seem, appear

Your plan seems realistic.
He appears older than he really is.

Verbs of sense: look, feel, taste, smell, sound

The blue dress looks better.
This fabric feels lovely.
I didn't enjoy the food. It tasted horrible.
These flowers smell beautiful.
That sound system sounds expensive.

Change-of-state verbs: become, grow, get, go, turn

She became very angry when she saw what they had done.
As night fell the air grew cold.
The sun got hotter and hotter.
His face went white with shock when he heard the news.
As I get older, my hair is starting to turn grey.


More about verbs, adverbs and adjectives

Link/copula verbs take adjectives. They can also function as nomp3al verbs which take adverbs.

She looked angry (adjective) = she had an angry expression
She looked angrily (adverb) at her husband. Here, 'looked' is a deliberate action.

The cake tasted beautiful (adjective) = the cake had a beautiful taste.
She quickly (adverb) tasted the cake. Here, 'tasted' is a deliberate action
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