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F剑桥商务英语首字母词汇

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fiscal (adj.) referring to tax财政的

[例] What about this year’s fiscal tax?

fix (v.) agree/set something决定

[例] The price was fixed at $25.

fixtures (n. pl) equipment in a factory that cannot be moved固定设备,工夹具

[例] Machines are fixtures of a factory.

flagship (n.) the main or most successful product in a range 旗舰,同类产品中佼佼者

[例] Their cars are flagships among all the products in this city.

flat (adj.) commercially inactive; sluggish 萧条的

[例] The American market was flat in 1995.

flawed (adj.) having defects有瑕疵的

[例] I am writing to apologize for our flawed samples.

flexitime (n.) (also flextime) flexible system of working in which workers can choose what time to start and finish (see also core time)弹性上班制

[例] With the flexitime system you can choose your start and finish time.

flier (n.) a promotional leaflet 广告传单

[例] Fliers of this new type of computer are handed out in all the streets.

flip chart (培训常用的)活动挂图

float (v.) put a company’s shares for sale on the Stock Exchange发行(股票、债券等)

[例] When the company was floated on the stock market, many of them opted to become shareholders.

floatation (n.) starting or expanding a company by offering shares for sale以公开发行股票的方式开办公司

[例] a new company flotation

flop (n.) failure失败

[例] Their corporation came to a flop in the end.

flow shop (n.) production workshop where machines and operators handle a continuous material flow, as in mass production流水线车间

follower (n.) company which follows others into a market市场追随者

[例] Many companies became followers seeing KFC’s success.

fluctuate (v.) rise and fall rapidly波动

[例] Workers certainly don’t want their pay to fluctuate wildly.

[同义词] vacillate,waver, vary

fluctuation (n.) sudden movement波动

[例] It is difficult to estimate the price fluctuation of the market.

FOB (free on board) 离岸价

follow-up (n.) an activity done to add to or continue something done earlier后继(产品)

[例] The software was a successful follow-up to the original product.

force majeure (n) an unexpected and unavoidable event that causes or allows a contract to be changed or cancelled if it has a forcer majeure clause 不可抗力

[例] Due to force majeure , this deal turned out to be a great failure.

[同义词]Act of God

forecast1. (n.) estimate of what will happen in the future预测

[例] The inflation of the currency and booming commodity price in the market forecast the bubble economy.

2. (v.) predict what will happen预测

foreclose (v) to deprive (a mortgagor) of the right to redeem mortgaged property, as when payments have not been made 取消(抵押品的)赎回权

[例] That bank foreclosed on the mortgage.

forge (v) to make an illegal copy of something伪造

[例] The signature on the cheque was forged and was rejected by the bank.

forman (n) an experienced worker who supervises and directs other workers 领班,工头

[例] He was promoted to factory foreman due to his excellent performance.

format (n.) layout 格式

[例] write in an accessible format

forwarder (n) one that forwards, especially an agent that facilitates and assures the passage of received goods to their destination 货运代理商

[例] The goods were handed over to the forwarder by the airline company.

four P’s PRODUCT, PRICE, PLACE, PROMOTION 4P 理论(麦卡锡提出)

franchise1. (n.) licence to sell under a brand name特许经营

[例] The small company has got the franchise to sell products of IBM.

2. (v.) give a licence to someone特许经营

franchisee (n.) person who pays a royalty for a franchise特许经营人

franchiser (n.) person who receives the royalty特许 经营授予人

fraud (n.) making money by not telling the truth诈骗

[例] He became rich through systematic fraud.

[同义词] deception, deceit, trickery

freebie (n. informal) a give-away, a free promotional product免费赠品

[例] I got two freebies of the theater. Let’s go this evening.

freehold (n.)an estate held in fee or for life享有全权的或可终身保有的不动产

free gift (n) an extra item given free with a purchase to encourage sales 赠品

[例] If you buy this cell phone, you will receive a free gift with it.

freelance (adj, n) a person, especially a writer or an artist, who sells his or her services to employers without a long-term commitment to any one of them 自由职业

[例] She is working as a freelance---writing and make a living from sale of her books .

frequent flyer one who frequently take air-flight for business trip 经常乘飞机出差的人

frill (n.) a luxury 奢侈品

[例] Now non-frill flight are more popular with frequent flyers.

fringe benefits extra benefits 额外福利

fund1. (n.) money set aside for a special purpose基金

[例] a pension fund

2. (v.) provide money for投资

[例] We funded the company in the early days.

funds (n. pl) money available to spend资金

[例] We need extra funds to pay for research.

futures (n. pl) trading in shares and commodities for delivery at a later date期货 
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