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英语文章双语精读二

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争取国家在中欧进入欧盟会给大陆的吉卜赛人前所未有的机会(或罗马)被认定为一个民族,尽管没有明确的领土之一。如果他们要实现,他们甚至可能会寻求某种形式的地方至少总人口的数量超过了欧盟的许多国家现在和将来。一些专家认为这个数字是4M加;一些吉普赛支持者的支持者高达1500万。
 
不像犹太人,吉普赛人没有回归的祖居地。虽然他们的语言与印地语有关,但他们的领土起源却是模糊的。罗马尼亚农民把他们抱在月球上出生。其他欧洲人(错误地)认为他们是移民埃及人,因此是吉普赛人的衍生物。最有可能的是他们在七世纪从印度向西漂流的流动金属工人和艺人。
 
然而,由于共产主义在中欧倒塌十年前,Romanestan的概念是建立在吉普赛文化失地国家取得了地面。吉普赛国际联盟,这表示它代表30多个国家的1000万吉普赛人,是培养“自我凝聚力的想法”。它试图促进标准和书面的语言形式;它波一个吉普赛标志(同一个轮子绿色)当它大堂在诸如联合国这些地方;并于七月在布拉格举行了国会,捷克首都。在瓦茨拉夫·哈维尔总统说吉普赛人在自己的国家和地方都应该有一个更好的交易。
 
在国会的斯洛伐克出生的律师,Emil Scuka被选举为国际Tomany总统。本月晚些时候,一个民选吉卜赛政治家组,成员包括国会议员,市长和地方议员来自欧洲各地(欧安组织),讨论如何说服更多的人参与政治。
 
吉普赛国际联盟可能是和吉普赛人的服装最具代表性,但这并不是说很多。的数百人聚集在国会代表的,很少是民选的;奇怪的是,没有一个来自匈牙利的吉普赛人,也许是世界上最有组织的,有450的地方议会有吉普赛机构通知。然而,工会宣布了建立议会的雄心,但实际上它将如何当选还未决定。
The striving of countries in Central Europe to enter the European Union may offer an unprecedented chance to the continent’s Gypsies (or Roman) to be recognized as a nation, albeit one without a defined territory. And if they were to achieve that they might even seek some kind of formal place—at least a total population outnumbers that of many of the Union’s present and future countries. Some experts put the figure at 4m-plus; some proponents of Gypsy rights go as high as 15m.

Unlike Jews, Gypsies have had no known ancestral land to hark back to. Though their language is related to Hindi, their territorial origins are misty. Romanian peasants held them to be born on the moon. Other Europeans (wrongly) thought them migrant Egyptians, hence the derivative Gypsy. Most probably they were itinerant metal workers and entertainers who drifted west from India in the 7th century.

However, since communism in Central Europe collapsed a decade ago, the notion of Romanestan as a landless nation founded on Gypsy culture has gained ground. The International Romany Union, which says it stands for 10m Gypsies in more than 30 countries, is fostering the idea of “self-rallying”. It is trying to promote a standard and written form of the language; it waves a Gypsy flag (green with a wheel) when it lobbies in such places as the United Bations; and in July it held a congress in Prague, The Czech capital. Where President Vaclav Havel said that Gypsies in his own country and elsewhere should have a better deal.

At the congress a Slovak-born lawyer, Emil Scuka, was elected president of the International Tomany Union. Later this month a group of elected Gypsy politicians, including members of parliament, mayors and local councilors from all over Europe (OSCE), to discuss how to persuade more Gypsies to get involved in politics.

The International Romany Union is probably the most representative of the outfits that speak for Gypsies, but that is not saying a lot. Of the several hundred delegates who gathered at its congress, few were democratically elected; oddly, none came from Hungary, whose Gypsies are perhaps the world’s best organized, with some 450 Gypsy bodies advising local councils there. The union did, however, announce its ambition to set up a parliament, but how it would actually be elected was left undecided.
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