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巧克力的由来

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大多数人都知道巧克力是由可可制成的,巧克力的起源可以追溯到中美洲和南美洲。几个世纪以来,当地人把可可视为上帝赐予的礼物。但是巧克力是如何从神的食物变成爱的食物的呢?
 
公元600年,Mayas在美国中部主要的土著居民。他们建立了第一座可可种植园,并用可可豆在黑暗的主要成分,苦的饮料,我们叫“巧克力”。Mayas认为巧克力具有神秘的特性,也商业价值。事实上,可可豆被用作一种货币,其价值相当于黄金!
 
西班牙征服者Hernando Cortez是第一个欧洲探险家了解可可的商业潜力。当他于1519到达新大陆时,他很快就建立起了自己的可可种植园。1529,科尔特斯回到西班牙,把巧克力作为一种混合糖、香草和肉桂的饮料介绍给欧洲社会。
 
它抓住了---尤其是贵族,他们认为热巧克力是春药。随着它的普及,人们发现了制作和使用巧克力的新方法。如今,巧克力既是美味的款待,又是浪漫的放纵。无论是在美味的甜点或酥糖,世界各地的人们依旧爱巧克力。

Most people know that chocolate is made from cocoa and that the origins of chocolate can be traced back to Central and South America. For centuries, the natives there regarded cocoa as a gift from the gods. But how did chocolate go from being the food of the gods to being the food of love?

Around A.D. 600, the Mayas were the main aboriginal group in Central America. They established the first cocoa plantations and used the cocoa bean as the main ingredient in a dark, bitter drink that we would call “chocolate.” The Mayas believed that chocolate had mystical properties---but cocoa also had commercial value. In fact, cocoa beans were used as a form of currency that was worth its weight in gold!

Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez was the first European explorer to realize cocoa's commercial possibilities. When he arrived in the New World in 1519, he soon established his own cocoa plantation. In 1529, Cortez returned to Spain and introduced chocolate---as a drink mixed with sugar, vanilla, and cinnamon---to European society.

It caught on---especially with the nobility, who fancied hot chocolate as an aphrodisiac. As its popularity spread, people found new ways to make and use chocolate. These days, chocolate is enjoyed as both a tasty treat and a romantic indulgence. Whether it is in delectable desserts or crunchy candy, people the world over are still in love with chocolate.


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