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人生哲学我们行善是为何呢?

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一个人的信念是不那么多的词或形式的教条,在假设这一行为习惯和基本价值,所有的选择都是考验。
 
我的价值体系的基石是在童年时代,父母认为个人的正直是第一位的。他们从来不问,“人们会怎么想?问题是,“如果你这样做或者没有做到,你会怎么看你自己?”因此,按照自己对自己的看法,成为一个基本的价值,而“人们会怎么想”这个问题就退居次要地位。
 
第二个基本价值,在某种程度上是第一个的延伸,我应该归功于一位老大学教授,他承受的不仅仅是悲伤和烦恼。他一遍又一遍地对我们说:“真正重要的是要比发生在你身上的事情更重要。发生在你身上的任何事情都不是你结束它的一半重要。”
 
渐渐地,我意识到,这里是人类唯一能真正拥有安全和宁静的基础。没有人能确定灾难、失望、不公或屈辱的降临,可能是他自己的过错。也不能保证自己的错误和失败。但我们的生活方式是我们自己选择的。当正直、坚韧、尊严和同情是我们的选择时,可能发生在我们身上的事情将失去对我们的控制力。
 
对这两个基本价值的接受导致了第三。如果一个人是什么,一个人如何与人生相遇,那么他就不会被别人的金钱、地位或权力所打动,也不会以种族、肤色或社会地位来评判别人。这开辟了一个全新的人际关系的世界,当友谊基于思想和性格的特质,能有老的和年轻的朋友之间,富人和穷人,著名的和未知的,受过教育的文盲,在所有的种族和国家的人。
 
考虑到这三个基本价值观,第四是不可避免的。有责任和义务帮助创造一种社会秩序,在这种秩序中,人比事物更重要,思想比小玩意更珍贵,个人以个人价值为评判标准。此外,由于这一判断是公平的,人类必须有充分发展的机会。因此,有人通过这些社会机构和机构领导了一个自由和公正的世界,使世界各地的人们能够实现他们的最高潜力。
 
也许所有这些都构成了人们所谓的人类使用人类的信念。我们从动物世界的其他部分出发,有意识地超越我们的身体需求和欲望。男人必须关心食物和其他身体需要,他们必须保护自己和自己免受身体伤害,但这些活动并不完全是人类的。许多动物都关心这些事情。当我们敬拜、祷告,或感到同情,当我们欣赏一幅画,夕阳或奏鸣曲,当我们的思维和推理,追求思想,追求真理,或读一本书,当我们保护弱小和无助,当我们崇高荣誉和珍惜好,当我们与我们的同胞建立一个更美好的世界,我们的行为是值得我们作为人类的状态

One's beliefs are revealed not so much in words or in formal creeds as in the assumptions on which one habitually acts and in the basic values by which all choices are tested.

The cornerstone of my own value system was laid in childhood with parents who believed that personal integrity came first. They never asked, ”What will people think?” The question was,“What will you think of yourself, if you do this or fail to do that?” Thus, living up to one’s own conception of one’s self became a basic value, and the question, “What will people think,” took a subordinate place.

A second basic value, in some ways an extension of the first, I owe to an old college professor, who had suffered more than his share of grief and trouble. Over and over he said to us, “The one thing that really matters is to be bigger than the things that can happen to you. Nothing that can happen to you is half so important that the way in which you end it.”

Gradually I realized that here was the basis of the only really security and peace of mind that a human being can have. Nobody can be sure when disaster, disappointment, injustice, or humiliation, may come to him through no fault of his own. Nor can one be guaranteed against one’s own mistakes and failures. But the way we meet life is ours to choose. And when integrity, fortitude, dignity, and compassion are our choice, the things that can happen to us lose their power over us.

The acceptance of these two basic values led to a third. If what one is and how one meets life are of first importance, one is not impressed by another's money, status, or power, nor does one judge people by their race, color, or social position. This opens up a whole new world of relationships, for when friendships are based on qualities of mind and character, one can have friends among old and young, rich and poor, famous and unknown, educated and unlettered, and among people of all races and all nations.

Given these three basic values, a fourth became inevitable. It is one's duty and obligation to help create a social order in which persons are more important than things, ideas more precious than gadgets, and in which individuals are judged on the basis of personal worth. Moreover, for this judgment to be fair, human beings must have an opportunity for the fullest development of which they are capable. One is thus led to work for a world of freedom and justice through those social agencies and institutions which make it possible for people everywhere to realize their highest potentialities.

Perhaps all this adds up to a belief in what has been called the human use of human beings. We are set off from the rest of the animal world by our capacity consciously to transcend our physical needs and desires. Men must concern themselves with food and with other physical needs, and they must protect themselves and their own from bodily harm, but these activities are not exclusively human. Many animals concern themselves with these things. When we worship, pray, or feel compassion, when we enjoy a painting, a sunset or a sonata, when we think and reason, pursue ideas, seek truth, or read a book, when we protect the weak and helpless, when we honor the noble and cherish the good, when we cooperate with our fellow men to build a better world, our behavior is worthy of our status as human beings

 

 


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