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BBC中国故事 商朝的秘密在药方中揭开

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BBC中国故事 商朝的秘密在药方中揭开

And we know about the Shang because they have left us the first Chinese writing.

我们之所以能够了解商朝是因为它留下了中国历史上最早的文字记载。

The modern discovery of the Shang is one of the most exciting stories in world archaeology.

现代对商朝的发现是全球考古界振奋人心的事件。

And it began by chance in one of those storehouses of age-old Chinese wisdom, a traditional pharmacy.....

不过,它开始于一个偶然。事情发生在一个保存中国古老智慧的仓库--中药店里......

where beliefs and practices going back into prehistory have come down to us today.

中医中的知识与实践上溯至史前而传承至今。

And the clues to the mystery of the Shang, unbelievably, were found inside a packet of over-the-counter medicine.

难以想象的是,商朝的秘密就在一包非处方药中被揭开了。

The story goes like this - 1899, Chinese scholar called Wang Yirong, who was the Chancellor of the Imperial Academy in Beijing.

1899年,一位叫王懿荣的学者,他曾任翰林院庶常馆教习。

a great scholar and a collector of ancient bronzes.

他是一位伟大的学者,也喜爱收藏古代青铜。

He was interested in the earliest Chinese writing systems.

他对于中国最早的文字系统颇感兴趣。

He falls ill with malaria and his local pharmacy, just like this one, delivers a series of ingredients which include...

有一次他得了疟疾,来到了当地的一家中药店,就像这家。中药店为他开出了一系列的药材,其中包括:

dragon bones.

龙骨。

These were animal bones...

就是动物骨头。

Just like this, they use them today.

和这包一样,他们沿用至今。

which you ground up and boiled and drank to alleviate the fever.

用来磨碎煮开了喝下去,能退烧。

When he opened the packet, to his amazement, this is what he saw.

当他打开包裹,他十分惊讶。他看到了这个。

Some of the bones were inscribed with what he could see were primitive forms of the old writing that he knew from the inscriptions on his bronzes.

有的骨头上刻着文字,这是一种古老的文字,他在自己收藏的青铜器上见过。

And eventually these dragon bones were traced back to a little place in the lower valley of the Yellow River, a country town called Anyang.

最终,他沿着这些龙骨找到了黄河下游的一个小地方,一个叫做安阳的小村庄。

 


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