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人生哲理美文之:On Motes and Beams

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微尘与栋梁
 
奇怪的是,我们自己的过错似乎比其他人的罪过更不可恶。我认为原因是我们知道这件事情发生的,所以我们可以原谅自己而不能原谅别人。我们把注意力从自己的缺陷中转移出来,当我们被不好的事情强迫去考虑它们时,发现宽恕它们是很容易的。就我所知,我们这样做是正确的;他们是我们的一部分,我们必须接受我们自己的善与恶。
 
但是,当我们来评判别人的时候,不是我们自己,而是我们自己判断他们,而是通过我们自己形成的一种形象,我们把所有破坏我们团结的东西都排除在眼里,或者在世界的眼中抹黑我们。举一个简单的例子:当我们发现我们是多么地蔑视别人说谎;但谁能说自己从未说过,但是一百?
 
人与人之间没有太多可选择的。他们皆是伟大与渺小,善良与邪恶,高尚与低俗。有些人性格更坚强,或更多的机会,所以在一个方向或另一个方向,让他们的本能更自由地发挥,但他们可能是相同的。就我而言,我不认为我比大多数人更好或更坏,但我知道,如果我放下我生命中的每一个行动和每一个掠过我脑海的念头,这个世界就会认为我是一个堕落的怪物。这些想法,大家都应该能启发我们宽容自己以及他人。如果他们能让我们以幽默的眼光看待我们的同伴,甚至是最杰出和最受尊敬的人,如果他们引导我们对自己不太认真,那也是很好的。



On Motes and Beams

It is curious that our own offenses should seem so much less heinous than the offenses of other. I suppose the reason is that we know all the circumstances that have occasioned them and so manage to excuse in ourselves what we cannot excuse in others. We turn our attention away from our own defects, and when we are forced by untoward events to consider them, find it easy to condone them. For all I know we are right to do this; they are part of us and we must accept the good and bad in ourselves together.

But when we come to judge others, it is not by ourselves as we really are that we judge them, but by an image that we have formed of ourselves fro which we have left out everything that offends our unity or would discredit us in the eyes of the world. To take a trivial instance: how scornful we are when we catch someone out telling a lie;but who can say that he has never told not one, but a hundred?

There is not much to choose between men. They are all a hotchpotch of greatness and littleness, of virtue and vice, of nobility and baseness. Some have more strength of character, or more opportunity, and so in one direction or another give their instincts freer play, but potentially they are the same. For my part, I do not think I am any better or any worse than most people, but I know that if I set down every action in my life and every thought that has crossed my mind, the world would consider me a monster of depravity. The knowledge that these reveries are common to all men should inspire one with tolerance to oneself as well as to others. It is well also if they enable us to look upon our fellows, even the most eminent and respectable, with humor, and if they lead us to take ourselves not too seriously.


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