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知识是一回事,美德是另一回事

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晨读美文:知识是一回事,美德是另一回事,知识是一回事,美德是另一回事;良知不是良知,精致不是谦逊,伟大和公正的信仰也不是。



哲学,无论多么开明,多么深刻,都不能控制激情,没有影响的动机,没有生动的原则。自由教育造就的不是基督徒,不是天主教徒,而是绅士。



做一个绅士是很好的,有修养的智力、精致的品味、坦诚、公平、冷静的头脑、高尚和礼貌的生活态度是很好的,这些都是一门学问丰富的自然属性,是一所大学的目标。



我主张,我要阐明并坚持他们;但我重申,他们不能保证圣洁,甚至不能保证尽责,他们可能会依附于这个世界上的人,放荡的人,无情的,愉快的人,唉,和他穿着他们时所表现出来的迷人。



从他们自己的角度来看,他们确实是这样,但似乎不是这样;他们在远处看起来像是美德,但从长远来看,他们是被密切观察者发现的;因此,人们普遍指责他们虚伪和虚伪,我重复说,不是因为他们自己的错,而是因为他们的教授和崇拜者坚持接受他们。他们不是什么,他们肆无忌惮地为他们鼓吹一种他们没有要求的赞美。



用剃刀挖出花岗石,或用丝线把船系起来,那么你就希望用人类的知识和人类的理性这样敏锐而精致的工具来对抗那些巨人,人类的激情和骄傲。

Knowledge is one thing, virtue is another; good sense is not conscience, refinement is not humility, nor is largeness and justness of view faith.


Philosophy, however enlightened, however profound, gives no command over the passions, no influential motives, no vivifying principles. Liberal Education makes not the Christian, not the Catholic, but the gentleman.

It is well to be a gentleman, it is well to have a cultivated intellect, a delicate taste, a candid, equitable, dispassionate mind, a noble and courteous bearing in the conduct of life—these are the connatural qualities of a large knowledge; they are the objects of a University.

I am advocating, I shall illustrate and insist upon them; but still, I repeat, they are no guarantee for sanctity or even for conscientiousness, and they may attach to the man of the world, to the profligate, to the heartless, pleasant, alas, and attractive as he shows when decked out in them.

Taken by themselves, they do but seem to be what they are not; they look like virtue at a distance, but they are detected by close observers, and in the long run; and hence it is that they are popularly accused of pretense and hypoCRIsy, not, I repeat, from their own fault, but because their professors and their admirers persist in taking them for what they are not, and are officious in arrogating for them a praise to which they have no claim.

Quarry the granite rock with razors, or moor the vessel with a thread of silk, then may you hope with such keen and delicate instruments as human knowledge and human reason to contend against those giants, the passion and the pride of man.
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