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拥抱快乐阳光人生

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阳光。拥抱。咖啡不错。使我们快乐的事物和我们的灵魂一样独特。但是,正如描述幸福一样困难,它的影响是相当有形的。
 
 
 
积极健康
 
 
 
例如,200项研究的心理报告回顾了快乐与心血管疾病风险降低的联系。婚姻家庭治疗师简·格里尔博士同意。她警告说:“不满会导致疾病。”“你的积极性使你的免疫系统保持强壮和健康。”
 
 
 
然而,幸福不仅仅是我们自身的健康,还有更大的影响。快乐的人“以这种积极的方式影响他人,”瑜伽士Cameron Alborzian说,他认为快乐的人会创造出更幸福的人,从而为我们所有人塑造一个更美好的世界。
 
 
 
毫不奇怪,我们的生活体验不同。人类行为专家Patrick Wanis说:“随着年龄的增长,我们必须进化。”“我们的需求在改变,我们的人生观也在改变。”
 
 
 
婴儿
 
 
 
啊,简单的生活。对婴儿来说,幸福源于基础。“当他们的需求得到满足时,婴儿是最幸福的,”一位获得许可的心理健康顾问Esther Adler说。“这包括身体需求和情感需求,比如与宝宝互动和玩耍。”
 
 
 
对于父母和照顾者来说,营造一个育儿环境是抚养快乐婴儿的关键。但也要注意自己的情绪。“我们的大脑是社会器官——镜像神经元在起作用,我们承载着别人的情感,”儿童心理学家和获奖儿童电视节目音乐总监唐·麦克曼尼斯说。“照料者的情绪状态和幸福水平与年轻孩子一样。”
 
 
 
儿童
 
 
 
麦克曼尼斯继续说:“孩子早年的幸福感很大程度上受家庭压力和幸福程度的影响。”“孩子们在有爱和温暖的家庭里也是最幸福的,但也有坚定和结构。”
 
 
 
同样地,阿德勒说,当孩子们被给予探索的自由,得到无条件的爱,并且身边有人建立他们的自尊时,他们就会快乐。
 
 
 
青少年
 
 
 
随着孩子的长大,macmannis报告的幸福水平”越来越被成功和失败在学习新任务的学术,社会和情感,他们与其他孩子之间的关系。”
 
 
 
给同伴留下印象,进入大学,或找到一份好工作,真的会影响青少年的幸福。有家人和朋友的支持,并被鼓励锻炼和吃得好,可以在压力大的时候帮助,建议加拿大精神健康协会。
 
 
 
“没有一个孩子能快乐,”MacMannis说,“但孩子们可以成为改善性格,社会幸福和情感技能。”他建议父母教的情感工具青少年生活的很好,比如如何处理愤怒和压力管理。
 
 
 
成人
 
 
 
心理治疗师Christina Steinorth Powell说:“当我们年轻的时候,带给我们幸福的是进取。”对许多年轻人来说,她指出,他们最大的乐趣来自于达到目标,比如买第一套房子。
 
 
 
当我们变老时,这会发生变化。心理学家Samantha Madhosingh说:“随着年龄的增长,我们意识到‘东西’不会让我们快乐。”“我认为这就是为什么很多人经历中年危机的原因。他们意识到事情不能让你快乐,开始在生活中寻找更多的意义。
 
 
 
在这个人生阶段,我们经历过损失或重病也并不罕见。“当中年的时候,”Steinorth Powell说,“我们大多数人都有一个更好地了解如何脆弱的生命真的是,那会给我们带来最大的幸福是坚持和欣赏我们所拥有的。”
 
 
 
当我们进入黄金岁月时,这变得更加真实。“作为长辈,我们往往是快乐的时候,我们有健康的身体,一个亲密的朋友,与我们的配偶的关系很好,和一个安全的生活环境,”Steinorth Powell说。“提到这些类型的东西,一个年轻人,问他们是否乐意就这几件事,最想说的是,他们想要一个更大的房子,更好的职业,而更受欢迎。
 
 
 
随着年龄的增长,我们慢慢学会欣赏我们已经拥有的东西,这本身就带来了幸福感。”
 
 
 
幸福的秘诀
 
 
 
心理治疗师Jennifer Howard说:“无论你从哪里开始,你都可以进入下一个幸福阶段。”霍华德认为,幸福始于内心,而不是得到你想要的一切。她警告说:“在任何特定时刻拥有我们想要的一切都比沉溺于快乐更接近于上瘾。”“记住,幸福不仅仅是一时的满足。”

Sunshine. Hugs. Good coffee. The things that make us happy are as unique as our souls. But as difficult as happiness may be to describe, its effects are quite tangible.

Positively healthy

For example, a Psychological Bulletin review of 200 studies linked happiness with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Marriage and family therapist Dr. Jane Greer agrees. “Discontent can result in diseases,” she warns. “Your positivity keeps your immune system strong and healthy.”

However, happiness could have bigger ramifications beyond just our own health. Happy people “affect others in such a positive manner,” says yogi Cameron Alborzian, who argues that happy people create more happy people—thus shaping a better world for us all.

Unsurprisingly, we experience happiness differently depending on our life stage. “As we age, we must evolve,” says human behaviour expert Patrick Wanis. “Our needs change and so does our perspective in life.”

Babies

Ah, the simple life. For babies, happiness is rooted in the basics. “Babies are happiest when their needs are being met,” says Esther Adler, a licensed mental health counsellor. “This includes physical needs and emotional needs, [such as] interacting and playing with your baby.”

For parents and caregivers, building a nurturing environment is key to raising happy infants. But also be aware of your own emotions. “Our brains are social organs—mirror neurons are at play, and we carry the emotions of others,” says Don MacMannis, child psychologist and music director for an award-winning children’s television show. “The emotional state and … levels of happiness in caregivers tie right into the same of a young child.”

Children

“A child’s happiness in the early years is largely affected by levels of stress and happiness in the home,” continues MacMannis. “Kids are happiest in families where there is love and warmth, but also firmness and structure.”

Similarly, Adler says that young children are happy when they’re given the freedom to explore, are provided unconditional love, and have people around them who build their self-esteem.

Teenagers

As kids grow up, MacMannis reports that happiness levels are “increasingly defined by success and failure at learning new tasks—academically, socially, and emotionally—and by their relationships with other kids.”

Attempts to impress peers, get into university, or land a good job can really weigh on an adolescent’s happiness. Having the support of family and friends, and being encouraged to exercise and eat well, can help during these stressful times, suggests the Canadian Mental Health Association.

“No child can be happy all the time,” says MacMannis, “but kids can become happier with improved character, social, and emotional skills.” He recommends that parents teach teens the emotional tools for living well, such as how to handle anger or manage stress.

Adults

“When we are younger, what brings us happiness is forging ahead,” says psychotherapist Christina Steinorth-Powell. For many young adults, she notes that some of their greatest joys come from reaching goals, such as buying their first home.

This shifts when we get older. “As we age, we realize that ‘stuff’ won’t make us happy,” says psychologist Samantha Madhosingh. “I think this is why many people go through a ‘midlife’ crisis. They realize that things don’t make you happy and begin to search for more meaning in their life.”

By this life stage, it’s also not uncommon for us to have experienced loss or a serious illness. “By the time middle age rolls around,” says Steinorth-Powell, “most of us have a better understanding of how fragile life really is, so what tends to bring us the most happiness is holding on to and appreciating what we have.”

This becomes even truer as we enter our golden years. “As seniors, we tend to be happy when we have good health, a close friend, a good relationship with our spouse, and a secure living environment,” says Steinorth-Powell. “Mention these types of things to a younger person and ask them if they would be happy with just these few things, and most would say yes, but they would want more—a bigger home, a better career, and to be more popular.

As we get older, we slowly learn to appreciate more of what we already have, and that in itself brings feelings of happiness.”

The secret to happiness

“No matter where you’re starting from, you can go to your next level of happiness,” says psychotherapist Jennifer Howard. According to Howard, it starts with recognizing that happiness comes from within, not from getting everything you want. “Having everything we want in any given moment is closer to addiction than it is to happiness,” she warns. “Remember, happiness is more than momentary gratification.”
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