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圣诞节的由来简介

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冬至是一年中最短的一天,通常发生在12月22日左右。卡萝尔这个词实际上是指舞蹈或赞美和喜悦之歌!
 
圣诞颂歌曾经在四个季节被写和唱,但只有在圣诞节唱的传统真正保存下来。
 
早期的基督教徒接管了异教徒的圣诞节至日庆祝活动,并给人们唱基督教歌曲,而不是异教徒的。公元129年,一位罗马主教说,一首名为“天使圣歌”的歌应该在罗马的圣诞仪式上演唱。
 
另一个著名的早期圣诞颂歌是在公元760年由耶路撒冷的科马斯写成的希腊东正教。
 
此后不久,欧洲各地的许多作曲家开始写《圣诞颂歌》。然而,没有多少人喜欢它们,因为它们都是用拉丁语写和唱的,这是普通人听不懂的语言。到了中年(1200年代),大多数人对庆祝圣诞节失去了兴趣。
 
这是由阿西西的圣弗兰西斯改变的,1223,他在意大利开始了他的耶稣诞生剧。剧中的人在剧中唱故事或讲故事。有时,这些新颂歌的合唱是用拉丁语唱的,但通常都是用看戏的人能听懂并加入的语言唱的!新颂歌传到法国、西班牙、德国和其他欧洲国家。
 
最早的颂歌,像这样,写在1410。遗憾的是,只有一小部分碎片存在。卡萝尔是关于玛丽和Jesus在伯利恒认识不同的人的。大多数来自这个时期和伊丽莎白时期的卡罗尔是不真实的故事,非常松散地根据圣诞故事,关于神圣的家庭,并被视为娱乐而不是宗教歌曲。
 
他们通常是在家里唱歌而不是在教堂里唱歌!旅行歌手或吟游诗人们开始唱这些颂歌,而且无论他们去哪里,歌词都为当地人而改变。像这样的圣诞颂歌是“我看到了三艘船”。
 
1647年,当奥利弗·克伦威尔和清教徒在英国掌权时,圣诞节和唱颂歌的庆祝活动停止了。然而,当人们仍然秘密地唱着歌时,颂歌仍然存在。直到维多利亚时代,两个名叫威廉·桑迪斯和戴维斯·吉尔伯特的人从英国乡村收集了许多古老的圣诞音乐,卡罗尔才开始唱歌。
在卡洛尔在公众面前流行起来之前,有时会有正式的颂歌歌手叫“等待”。这些人是由重要的地方领导人(比如地方议会领导人)领导的,他们在城镇和村庄里只有权力从公众手里拿钱(如果其他人这样做,他们有时被指控为乞丐!).
他们被称为“等待”,因为他们只在圣诞前夜唱歌(这有时被称为“守夜”或“等待之夜”,因为当天使向他们显现时,牧羊人正在看他们的羊)。
同时,此时,许多管弦乐队和合唱团正在英国城市建立,人们想要唱圣诞歌,所以颂歌再次变得流行。维多利亚时期还写了许多新的颂歌,如《好King Wenceslas》。
新的颂歌服务被创造并流行起来,街上唱颂歌的习俗也一样。这两种风俗现在仍然很流行。最受欢迎的圣诞颂歌服务之一是烛光服务的颂歌。
在这项服务中,教堂只被烛光点燃,感觉非常圣诞节!烛光服务的颂歌在世界各国举行。
最有名的颂歌仪式可能是一个九课和颂歌的节日,在那里颂歌和读经讲述圣诞故事。

The History of Christmas Carols
 
Carols were first sung in Europe thousands of years ago, but these were not Christmas Carols. They were pagan songs, sung at the Winter Solstice celebrations as people danced round stone circles (The word carol originally meant to dance to something).
 
The Winter Solstice is the shortest day of the year, usually taking place around the 22nd December. The word Carol actually means dance or a song of praise and joy!
 
Carols used to be written and sung during all four seasons, but only the tradition of singing them at Christmas has really survived.
 
Early Christians took over the pagan solstice celebrations for Christmas and gave people Christian songs to sing instead of pagan ones. In AD 129, a Roman Bishop said that a song called "Angel's Hymn" should be sung at a Christmas service in Rome.
 
Another famous early Christmas Hymn was written in 760AD, by Comas of Jerusalem, for the Greek Orthodox Church.
 
Soon after this many composers all over Europe started to write 'Christmas carols'. However, not many people liked them as they were all written and sung in Latin, a language that the normal people couldn't understand. By the time of the Middles Ages (the 1200s), most people had lost interest in celebrating Christmas altogether.
 
This was changed by St. Francis of Assisi when, in 1223, he started his Nativity Plays in Italy. The people in the plays sang songs or 'canticles' that told the story during the plays. Sometimes, the choruses of these new carols were in Latin; but normally they were all in a language that the people watching the play could understand and join in! The new carols spread to France, Spain, Germany and other European countries.
 
The earliest carol, like this, was written in 1410. Sadly only a very small fragment of it still exists. The carol was about Mary and Jesus meeting different people in Bethlehem. Most Carols from this time and the Elizabethan period are untrue stories, very loosely based on the Christmas story, about the holy family and were seen as entertaining rather than religious songs.
 
They were usually sung in homes rather than in churches! Traveling singers or Minstrels started singing these carols and the words were changed for the local people wherever they were traveling. One carols that changed like this is 'I Saw Three Ships'.
 
When Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans came to power in England in 1647, the celebration of Christmas and singing carols was stopped. However, the carols survived as people still sang them in secret. Carols remained mainly unsung until Victorian times, when two men called William Sandys and Davis Gilbert collected lots of old Christmas music from villages in England.
 
Before carol singing in public became popular, there were sometimes official carol singers called 'Waits'. These were bands of people led by important local leaders (such as council leaders) who had the only power in the towns and villages to take money from the public (if others did this, they were sometimes charged as beggars!).
 
They were called 'Waits' because they only sang on Christmas Eve (This was sometimes known as 'watchnight' or 'waitnight' because of the shepherds were watching their sheep when the angels appeared to them.), when the Christmas celebrations began.
 
Also, at this time, many orchestras and choirs were being set up in the cities of England and people wanted Christmas songs to sing, so carols once again became popular. Many new carols, such as 'Good King Wenceslas', were also written in the Victorian period.
 
New carols services were created and became popular, as did the custom of singing carols in the streets. Both of these customs are still popular today! One of the most popular types of Carols services are Carols by Candlelight services.
 
At this service, the church is only lit by candlelight and it feels very Christmassy! Carols by Candlelight services are held in countries all over the world.
 
The most famous type of Carol Service might be a Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols, where carols and Bible readings tell the Christmas Story.

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