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津巴布韦湿地遭保护与灾难双语阅读

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津巴布韦的环保人士关心的是在湿地建设购物中心和住房。他们说这一发展将影响人口稠密地区的供水。环保人士说,如果这项工作继续进行,哈拉雷市可能面临缺水或需要更多的资金来净化水。
 
 
 
这些是来自哈拉雷附近仅存的湿地之一的声音。不像这个城市的其他部分,这个地区覆盖着绿草和几棵树。
 
 
 
官方称超过250种鸟类生活在湿地中。有些鸟从世界其他地方旅行。
 
 
 
但是购物中心和其他建筑现在覆盖了大部分湿地。在过去的10年里,哈拉雷的人口增长了100%以上。据估计,津巴布韦首都有超过二百万人居住。大部分的增长是人们从农村搬到城市的结果。
 
 
 
另一个购物中心计划在哈拉雷以东的Borrowdale湿地。Jimmy Muropa是一名保护野外警官。他担心这种发展。
 
 
 
环保人士担心津巴布韦湿地
 
 
 
“我们并不反对任何形式的发展,但我们基本上是在说,这些商场或房屋实际上应该适当地建在高地上。我们是为了发展,但在适当的基础上。简单。”
 
 
 
科学家说湿地清理和储存水。净化后的水被缓慢地释放到河流和湖泊中。
 
 
 
哈拉雷居民信托组织,一个社区团体说,津巴布韦的水价现在很高,因为湿地的破坏。
 
 
 
珍贵的SUMBA是信托的负责人。
 
 
 
“监测框架非常薄弱。环境管理机构(EMA)在批准建筑物时不遵循下放程序。腐败太多了。没有监控。埃马和安理会所能得到的唯一救济就是对违法行为收取罚金。但它们并没有停止,这意味着我们的湿地将继续前进。
 
 
 
环境管理机构是一个政府组织。它的任务是保证津巴布韦环境的可持续利用。Steady Kangata是该机构的发言人。他说,该组织试图分享关于不在湿地建设的重要性的信息。他否认哈拉雷没有执行湿地法。
 
 
 
“当涉及到湿地时,津巴布韦的法律非常全面。我们是有关湿地合理使用的拉姆萨尔公约的一部分。我们甚至进一步修改了拉姆萨尔公约的规定。湿地是保护区。但在城市部门,基础设施发展面临压力。
 
 
 
自然保护论者Dorothy Wakeling说湿地是不可破坏的重要区域。
 
 
 
“这些湿地是我们唯一的水源。如果我们夺走了哈拉雷的所有湿地,我们就夺走了水源。我们要做什么来补充流入大坝的河流和河流呢?”


Environmentalists in Zimbabwe are concerned about the building of shopping malls and housing on wetlands. They say the development will affect water supplies in heavily populated areas. Environmentalists say that if the work continues, the city of Harare may face water shortages or will need more money to purify its water.

Those are sounds from one of the few remaining wetlands near Harare. Unlike other parts of the city, the area is covered with green grass and a few trees.

Officials say more than 250 bird species live in the wetlands. Some of the birds travel there from other parts of the world.

But shopping malls and other buildings now cover much of the wetlands. The population of Harare has grown more than 100 percent over the past 10 years. It is now estimated at more than two million people live in Zimbabwe’s capital. Most of the increase is a result of people moving to the city from rural areas.

Another mall is planned for wetlands in Borrowdale, east of Harare. Jimmy Muropa is a conservation field officer. He worries about this development.

Environmentalists Worry about Zimbabwe Wetlands

"We are not against any form of development, but what we are basically saying is that those malls or houses should actually be properly sited on higher ground. We are for development but on appropriate ground. Simple."

Scientists say wetlands clean up and store water. The purified water is slowly released into rivers and lakes.

Harare Residents Trust, a community group, says Zimbabwe's water prices are now high because of the destruction of wetlands.

Precious Shumba is head of the trust.

"The monitoring framework is very weak. The Environment Management Agency (EMA) does not follow laid down procedures when it comes to approval of buildings. There is so much corruption. There is no monitoring. The only relief that is available to EMA and the council is to charge penalties for violations. But they are not stopping, meaning to say that our wetlands will continue to go."

The Environment Management Agency is a government group. Its job is to guarantee sustainable use of the environment in Zimbabwe. Steady Kangata is a spokesman for the agency. He says the group was trying to share information about the importance of not building on wetlands. He denies that Harare does little to enforce wetlands laws.

"Zimbabwe laws are very comprehensive when it comes to wetlands. We are part of the Ramsar Convention pertaining to the proper utilization of wetlands. We have even gone further to domesticate the provisions of the Ramsar Convention. Wetlands are protected areas. But in the urban sector there is pressure for infrastructural development. "

Conservationist Dorothy Wakeling says the wetlands are important areas that cannot be destroyed.

"These wetlands are our only source of water. If we take all our wetlands of Harare, we are taking away our water source. What are we going to do for replenishing streams and rivers that feed into dam?"

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