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做到这点让你克服你的坏习惯

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很多人误解了目标设定对他们有什么作用。我认为Seth Godin在这里总结得很好:
 
你大胆的人生目标是惊人的。我们为你拥有它们而感到自豪。但是,这些目标可能是为了让你远离真正让你害怕的东西——日常习惯的改变,这意味着你如何看待自己。
 
 
我们都有大而胖的大胆目标。我?我想成为下一个休·豪伊。我想要大量的读者渴望我的故事的下一部分。而一本畅销书的版税也不会有任何坏处。我什么时候要?现在!但可悲的事实是,除非我每天都做些小的步骤,才能实现这一大胆的成功,否则我是不会成功的。
 
如果不是目标,那又怎样?
习惯,而不是目标,是通往生产力和成功的更直接的途径。什么是习惯?习惯是你不必考虑的东西。你只要去做。把你的意识从方程式中排除出来会使坏习惯很难改变,好习惯很难养成。那么,为什么要习惯呢?很简单,一旦你养成了一个好习惯,你的潜意识就不再是烦人的琐事。在Charles Duhigg的书中,“习惯”他谈他所谓的习惯回路电源:
 
提示:触发你行为的原因是什么?
常规:行为本身
奖励:然后从行为中获益。
 
 
黄金法则:这样做可以改变坏习惯。
从Duhigg的书中最重要的概念是他的黄金规则习惯的变化。黄金法则说,改变习惯的最有效方法是保持提示和奖励相同。只改变常规。
 
我想把这个应用到养成每天早晨写作的习惯上。这是怎么发生的?首先,我必须在我的生活中腾出空间来写更多的文章。我想每天早上起床(在女儿起床之前)。老习惯:
 
提示:早上6点30分,起床的时间到了
常规:喝咖啡,盯着窗外,45分钟。
奖励:咖啡因和放松
那是一个相当舒服的习惯。我决定从小做起,最大限度地增加成功的机会。这是第一个变化:
 
提示:6:30,起床的时间到了
常规:写15分钟以前的大纲材料。
奖励:咖啡因和放松
我怀疑我能否把这事提出来。我喜欢我的咖啡。早上喝咖啡是不可选择的。但是,随着D的黄金法则,我没有做一些疯狂的事情,尽量早30分钟起床,把我的写作时间。让我们面对现实吧,6点30分已经够早了,你不觉得吗?

Lots of people misunderstand what exactly goal setting can do for them. I think Seth Godin sums it up perfectly here:

Your audacious life goals are fabulous. We’re proud of you for having them. But it’s possible that those goals are designed to distract you from the thing that’s really frightening you – the shift in daily habits that would mean a re-invention of how you see yourself.

– Seth Godin

We all have our big, fat audacious goals. Me? I’d like to be the next Hugh Howey. I want loads of readers hungry for the next part of my story. And the royalties that would come with a best seller wouldn’t hurt either. And when do I want it? Now! But the sad truth is I’m not going to get it unless I do the small daily steps that lead to that big, audacious success.

If Not Goals, Then What?
Habits, not goals, are the more direct route to productivity and success. What exactly are habits? Habits are something that you don’t have to think about. You just do them. Taking your conscious mind out of the equation makes bad habits very hard to change and good habits very hard to develop. So, why bother with habits? Simple, once you make a good habit yours, it’s no longer a chore that your subconscious mind targets for procrastination. In Charles Duhigg’s book, “The Power of Habit” he talks about what he calls the Habit Loop:

Cue: the trigger, what causes you to do the behavior
Routine: the behavior itself
Reward: then benefit you get from the behavior
 

The Golden Rule: Do This to Change Bad Habits
The most important concept from Duhigg’s book is his Golden Rule of Habit Change. The Golden Rule says the most effective way to change a habit is to keep the Cue and the Reward the same. Only change the Routine.

I wanted to apply this to developing the habit of writing every morning. How does that happen? First, I had to make space in my life for some extra writing. I wanted to write every morning when I get out of bed (before my daughter gets up). The old morning habit:

Cue: 6:30 am, time to get up
Routine: drink coffee and stare out the window, 45 minutes
Reward: caffeine and relaxation
That’s a pretty comfortable habit. I decided to start small to maximize my chance for success. Here’s the first change:

Cue: 6:30am, time to get up
Routine: write for 15 minutes on previously outline material
Reward: caffeine and relaxation
I was skeptical that I would be able to carry this out. I like my coffee. Coffee in the morning is not optional. But, following the Duhigg’s Golden Rule, I didn’t do something crazy like try and wake up 30 minutes earlier to get my extra writing time. Let’s face it, 6:30 is early enough, don’t you think?

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