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药物并不是治疗抑郁症的唯一方法,需要有好的情绪

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作为女性,在你的家庭中有抑郁史,或遭受创伤事件会增加患抑郁症的风险。其他因素,如低自尊、缺乏贫困的基本需要或滥用药物酒精也会导致抑郁症状。即使是典型的快乐事件——生孩子、大学毕业、或换工作——都可能引发男女之间的抑郁。
 
药物并不是治疗抑郁症的唯一方法。
 
 
 
虽然许多人服用抗抑郁药来治疗抑郁症,但还有其他方法可以治疗这种不使用药物的情况。锻炼、改变饮食和采取措施减轻压力都与改善抑郁症状有关。心理治疗、团体治疗和住院治疗也可用于治疗抑郁症。
 
抑郁比你想象的更普遍。
 
 
 
Statistics suggest that about 10 percent of adults, up to 8 percent of teenagers, and 2 percent of preteen children suffer from some type of depression. 它是美国10大残疾原因之一,它比糖尿病、关节炎、癌症和心脏病更为常见。专家估计,抑郁症的年经济成本是每年304亿美元。
 
抑郁会使人们处于其他健康状况的危险中。
 
 
 
研究人员发现抑郁会增加患哮喘、冠心病、HIV和其他疾病的风险。抑郁还会增加人患疾病和死亡的风险。这是正确治疗抑郁症的原因之一。抑郁的人甚至比不抑郁的人更容易患感冒和流感。
 
老年人尤其容易患抑郁症。
 
 
老年白人自杀率最高,这可能是老年人抑郁症发病率增加的原因。当老年人抑郁时,病情往往是慢性的,而且恢复率很低。它也严重治疗老年人;事实上,虽然晚年抑郁症的影响大约600万65岁以上的美国人中,只有10%接受治疗的条件。
 
抑郁症确实有特定的症状。
 
 
消极的想法,无法做出理性的决定,不稳定或不可预知的情绪都是抑郁症的常见症状。所以注意力不集中,性欲降低,和无价值感或罪恶感。抑郁的人也容易哭泣,与他人隔绝,对先前享受的活动失去兴趣。抑郁的人也倾向于改变他们的饮食和睡眠习惯,减少或增加他们在这些活动中花费的时间。


Being female, having a history of depression in your family, or suffering a traumatic event can increase your risk of suffering from depression. Other factors, such as having low self-esteem, being without basic necessities due to poverty, or abusing drugs alcohol can also lead to depressive symptoms. Even what is typically a happy event – the birth of a child, graduating from college, or changing jobs – can trigger depression among both women and men.

Medication isn’t the only way to treat depression.
 


Though many people take antidepressants to treat their depression, there are other ways to treat this condition that don’t involve the use of drugs. Exercise, changes in diet, and taking steps to decrease stress have all been linked to improvements in depression symptoms. Psychotherapy, group therapy, and in-patient hospital treatment are also available to treat depression.

Depression is more common than you think.
 


Statistics suggest that about 10 percent of adults, up to 8 percent of teenagers, and 2 percent of preteen children suffer from some type of depression. It is one of the top 10 causes of disability in the United States, and it is more common than diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and heart disease. Experts estimate that the annual economic cost of depression is $30.4 billion per year.

Depression can put people at risk for other health conditions.
 


Researchers have found that depression can increase sufferers’ risks for developing asthma, coronary artery disease, HIV, and many other medical conditions. Depression also increases a person’s risk for illness and death. This is one of the reasons getting the right treatment for depression is so important. Depressed people even get colds and flu more often than people who are not depressed.

The elderly are particularly at risk for depression.


Elderly white men have the highest suicide rates, a statistic that may be due to the increased incidence of depression among seniors. When an elderly person becomes depressed, the condition tends to be chronic and have a low rate of recovery. It is also seriously undertreated in seniors; in fact, though late-life depression affects roughly 6 million Americans aged 65 and older, only 10 percent receive treatment for the condition.

Depression does have specific symptoms.


Having negative thoughts, an inability to make rational decisions, and unstable or unpredictable moods are all common symptoms of depression. So are lack of concentration, reduced sex drive, and feelings of worthlessness or guilt. Depressed people are also prone to crying, isolating themselves from others, and losing interest in previously enjoyed activities. People who are depressed tend to alter their eating and sleeping habits as well, reducing or increasing the amount of time they spend at these activities.
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