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单词拼写易出错?小技巧帮你纠正

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Nothing makes your paper appear shabby or unpolished like the appearance of several misspelled words in your text. While we can depend on technology to let us know when we’ve made errors in spelling, it’s important to know that technology has flaws.
没有比出现一些词汇拼写错误使文章看起来更简陋而未加修饰的问题了。虽然我们可以依赖于一些技术帮我们发现文章中的拼写错误,但需要知道技术并不是万能的。<a href=http://www.hxen.com/word/ target=_blank>单词</a>拼写易出错?小技巧帮你纠正

1. Make yourself a list of problem words. If there are certain words you have already identified that you misspell frequently, make yourself a spelling list.
1.制作一份易错词汇列表。如果对于一些单词,你拼写出错较为频繁,制作一份单词清单吧。

Use flashcards to practice a little every night and eliminate words when you feel you’ve conquered them. Soon you’ll find that you have mastered these problem words!
使用抽认卡每晚进行适当的练习,慢慢去掉已经掌握的词汇。一段时间后你就会发现自己已经掌握了这些问题词汇。

2. Keep a “problem word” file in your computer. Each time you run a spell-checker and find a word that you’ve misspelled, copy and paste the word into your file. Later you can add it to your list (above).
2.在你的电脑中也留存一份容易出错词汇清单。每次运行拼写检查软件时,你可以发现这些错误拼写的词,将这些词复制粘贴到易错词汇清单的文件中。之后也可以将这些词加到1中的易错词汇列表中。

3. Each time you practice a word, spell it out loud. Later, you will recall how the word sounded as you spelled it right. You’ll be surprised how well this words!
3.每次练习一个词的时候,将单词的拼写大声读出来,在你拼写正确的时候你会回忆这些词时如何发音的,你会惊讶这个词是多么好听。

4. Review the rules for prefixes1 and suffixes2. You’ll avoid many mistakes once you understand the difference between “inter3” and “intra,” for example.
4.回顾单词前缀和后缀的构成规则,理解词缀后,你可以避免很多很多错误,比如理解“inter”“intra”的区别后,你就不会再混淆了。

5. study common root words of words with Greek and Latin origins. This is a trick used by many spelling bee participants.
5.学习一些常见的来源于希腊语和拉丁语的根词。这是一个许多参加拼写比赛选手所使用的技巧。

6. Memorize clumps4 of words that belong to special groups. For example, you will find that the group of words that contain “ough” (rhyming with tough) is finite. Once you make a comprehensive list, you are ready to memorize. By observing words that do and don’t belong together, you will reduce uncertainty5 about many similar words that don’t make the list.
6.记忆一些属于特殊群体的词汇,例如,你会发现包含“ough”的单词(与tough押韵)是有限的。一旦你做一个全面的列表,便可以方便记忆。通过观察单词的相似性和找到属于一类和不属于一类的单词,你可以找到更多可以分为一类的单词并添加到列表中。

More lists of special groups would include:
其他特殊词汇的列表:
aire words like questionnaire and millionaire
mn words like hymn6 and column
ps words like psychology7 and pseudonym8
ible words like edible9 and audible
Be sure to revisit this list frequently.
air:questionnaire 问卷调查,millionaire 百万富翁
mn:hymn 圣歌,column 列
ps:psychology 心理学,pseudonym 笔名
ible:可食用的,audible 听得见的
Be sure to revisit thi s list frequently.
一定要经常重温这个列表。


7. Read a lot! Many words become familiar to us because we see them often. The more you read, the more words you will memorize – even though you won’t realize it.
7.大量阅读!我们对一些单词越来越熟悉是因为我们常见到这些单词。尽管你意识不到这一点,但你读到的越多,你记住的单词也会越多。

8. Read with a pencil. You can mark your books with light pencil marks to indicate words you’d like to practice. Just remember to go back and erase10! If you happen to use an eReader, be sure to highlight and bookmark words you’d like to practice.
8.阅读时习惯拿一支铅笔。你可以轻轻地用铅笔在书上做标记标出你计划练习的重点词汇。记得之后返回去将你做的标记清除掉。如果你使用的是电子阅读器,则可以将需要练习的词汇标注为高光或插入书签。

9. Practice with a few online spelling quizzes. This is a good way to find frequently-misspelled or commonly-confused words.
9.适当做一些在线拼写练习。这种方式可以帮助你发现一些常常拼写错误的词和常见的易混淆词汇。

10. Visualize11 yourself carrying out an activity to match a problem word. For example, if you have trouble remembering how to spell edible, conjure12 up and image of the word in your head, then picture yourself nibbling13 on the word. (Silly activities are often the most effective.)
10.设想自己正在做一个易错词汇匹配的游戏。比如,如果你对edible的拼写存在疑问,在脑海中想象这个词汇的拼写,然后想象自己一点点将单词啃掉的画面。(最简单的活动往往是最有效的。)


重点词汇:
1 prefixes [ˈpri:fiksiz]
n.前缀( prefix的名词复数 );人名前的称谓;前置代号(置于前面的单词或字母、数字)
参考例句:
The prefixes cis and trans are frequently applied to disubstituted cycloalkanes. 词头顺和反常用于双取代的环烷烃。 来自辞典例句
Why do you use so many prefixes while talking? 你说起话来,怎么这么多中缀

2 suffixes  [ˈsʌfɪksiz]   
n.后缀,词尾( suffix的名词复数 )
参考例句:
Many domain name suffixes have failed to gain general popularity. 很多域名后缀没有获得一般的通用性。 来自互联网
For example, consider the use of prefixes and suffixes. 例如,那前缀和后缀的使用来说。 v.埋葬
参考例句:
They interred their dear comrade in the arms.他们埋葬了他们亲爱的战友。
The man who died in that accident has been interred.在那次事故中死的那个人已经被埋葬了。

4 clumps  [klʌmps]
n.(树、灌木、植物等的)丛、簇( clump的名词复数 );(土、泥等)团;块;笨重的脚步声v.(树、灌木、植物等的)丛、簇( clump的第三人称单数 );(土、泥等)团;块;笨重的脚步声
参考例句:
These plants quickly form dense clumps. 这些植物很快形成了浓密的树丛。
The bulbs were over. All that remained of them were clumps of brown leaves. 这些鳞茎死了,剩下的只是一丛丛的黃叶子。

5 uncertainty   [ʌnˈsɜ:tnti]   
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。

6 hymn   [hɪm]  
n.赞美诗,圣歌,颂歌
参考例句:
They sang a hymn of praise to God.他们唱着圣歌,赞美上帝。
The choir has sung only two verses of the last hymn.合唱团只唱了最后一首赞美诗的两个段落。

7 psychology   [saɪˈkɒlədʒi]  
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。

8 pseudonym   [ˈsu:dənɪm] 
n.假名,笔名
参考例句:
Eric Blair wrote under the pseudonym of George Orwell.埃里克·布莱尔用乔治·奧威尔这个笔名写作。
Both plays were published under the pseudonym of Philip Dayre.两个剧本都是以菲利普·戴尔的笔名出版的。

9 edible   [ˈedəbl]    
n.食品,食物;adj.可食用的
参考例句:
Edible wild herbs kept us from dying of starvation.我们靠着野菜才没被饿死。
This kind of mushroom is edible,but that kind is not.这种蘑菇吃得,那种吃不得。

10 erase   [ɪˈreɪz] 
v.擦掉;消除某事物的痕迹
参考例句:
He tried to erase the idea from his mind.他试图从头脑中抹掉这个想法。
Please erase my name from the list.请把我的名字从名单上擦去。

11 visualize   [ˈvɪʒuəlaɪz] 
vt.使看得见,使具体化,想象,设想
参考例句:
I remember meeting the man before but I can’t visualize him.我记得以前见过那个人,但他的样子我想不起来了。
She couldn’t visualize flying through space.她无法想像在太空中飞行的景象。

12 conjure   [ˈkʌndʒə(r)]  
v.恳求,祈求;变魔术,变戏法
参考例句:
I conjure you not to betray me.我恳求你不要背弃我。
I can’t simply conjure up the money out of thin air.我是不能像变魔术似的把钱变来。

13 nibbling   ['nɪbəlɪŋ] 
v.啃,一点一点地咬(吃)( nibble的现在分词 );啃出(洞),一点一点咬出(洞);慢慢减少;小口咬
参考例句:
We sat drinking wine and nibbling olives. 我们坐在那儿,喝着葡萄酒嚼着橄榄。
He was nibbling on the apple. 他在啃苹果。

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