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东欧犹太人中日耳曼语言

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你可能从来没有听说过,但它是一种日耳曼语言,在东欧犹太人中尤为常见。今天,它主要在以色列、东欧和美国一些犹太人家庭定居的地方使用。



由于历史上的移民,一些意第绪语单词在美国英语中可能比英国英语更常见。而且,由于它是日耳曼语言,许多意第绪语单词与德语单词相似甚至相同。



1。差错



一个小故障描述了一个小问题,但通常它是一个不会使完成某件事情变得不可能的问题。



我原计划去市中心和贝蒂见面,但我遇到了一个小故障:因为是假日,公共汽车没开。所以我改乘出租车。



2。克鲁兹



笨蛋是一个非常不协调或笨拙的人。换句话说,Klutzes经常发生事故和破坏东西。



我表妹夏洛特真是个笨蛋。每次她走进纪念品商店,她似乎总是要打碎两三样东西,然后她就得为它们付钱!



三。斯皮尔



在意第绪语(和德语)中,这个词的意思是“玩”,但在英语中,它用来描述一个通常说/说很多次的快速演讲或故事。间谍经常试图说服你一些事情。



我叔叔托马斯相信很多阴谋论。当我们吃感恩节晚餐的时候,他对政府是如何被蜥蜴人控制的进行了一番周密的报道!



4。施穆茨



这是一个动词,意思是以非常友好的方式与某人交谈,通常是为了给自己带来一些好处。



在会上,教授们正在和俱乐部主席闲谈。他们希望他的俱乐部向大学捐款。







和法语一样,西班牙语是另一种影响英语的拉丁语。这种西班牙语的影响在美国英语中尤为明显,因此其中许多单词在英国英语中可能不太常见。



1。游击队



在西班牙语中,这个词的字面意思是“小战争”。在西班牙语和英语中,它可以用来形容一个非官方的人民团体与政府战斗。在英语中,最常用的形容词是“游击战”或“游击营销”。



注意,西班牙语中的“ll”音与英语中的不同。因此,在英语中,这个词听起来基本上和“大猩猩”这个动物一样。



游击队员控制了这个国家的首都,使他们控制了政府。



2。男子气概的



这个词形容一个非常强壮或有男子气概的人。它也可以用来形容一个对自己的男子气概傲慢的人。它也被用在一个职业摔跤手的名字和一个流行的迪斯科歌曲从1970年代。



彼得是个真正的男子汉,但有时这很烦人。他说“真正的男人不会哭”,但我认为他错了。



三。院子



在英语中,“露台”通常是指房子外面的一个区域,通常有桌子和椅子,但没有屋顶。



今天很热,所以我们决定去露台喝一杯冷柠檬水。那里也有一些树,所以太阳没那么坏。



4。广场



广场是指城市中的公共开放区域,有时也称为“广场”。



“广场”也用于许多购物中心、企业建筑区或其他大型开放区域的名称中。如果你是说西班牙语的本地人,注意英语中的发音是振动的“z”音,而不是柔和的“s”。



维多利亚需要为她的朋友们买一些圣诞礼物,所以她去市中心的新购物广场看看最近开的一些商店。



5。皮尼亚塔



这是一个快乐的词,描述了一个充满糖果的玩具。在聚会上,孩子们轮流试图用一根棒子把它打破,这样糖果就会掉出来。



我们为我们3岁的男孩举办了一个生日聚会,但我们认为他可能太小了,不适合做圆珠笔。我们以为所有的孩子都会被棍子击中头部。



6。午睡



午睡是“午睡”的另一个名字,但它通常是一个人在一天中的午睡,特别是在吃饭后或下班休息时。



人们经常在炎热的国家午睡,因为中午是最热的时候。所以现在是呆在里面睡觉的好时机!



哇,自从我吃了那么大一盘意大利面,现在我感觉非常累。我想我回去工作前要好好睡一觉。


You may not have ever heard of Yiddish, but it’s a Germanic language that’s especially common among Jewish people with Eastern European roots. Today it’s mostly spoken in Israel, Eastern Europe and some parts of the United States where Jewish families settled.

Because of historical immigration, some Yiddish words may be more common in American English than British English. Also, since it is a Germanic language, many Yiddish words are similar or even the same as German words.

1. Glitch

A glitch describes a small problem, but usually it’s a problem that doesn’t make it impossible to finish something.

I planned to go downtown to meet with Betty, but I ran into a glitch: The bus wasn’t running because it was a holiday. So I just took a taxi instead.

2. Klutz

A klutz is a person who is very uncoordinated or clumsy. In other words, klutzes often have accidents and break things.

My cousin Charlotte is a real klutz. Every time she goes into a souvenir shop, she always seems to break two or three things, and then she has to pay for them!

3. Spiel

In Yiddish (and German), this word can mean “play,” but in English it’s used to describe a quick speech or story which has usually been said/told many times. Often the spiel tries to convince you of something.

My uncle Thomas believes a lot of conspiracy theories. When we ate Thanksgiving dinner, he did his whole spiel about how the government is controlled by lizard people!

4. Schmooze

This is a verb that means to talk with someone in a very friendly way, often to gain some benefit for yourself.

At the meeting, the professors were schmoozing with the president of the club. They want his club to donate money to the university.

1

Like French, Spanish is another Latin-based language that has influenced English. A lot of this Spanish influence is especially noticeable in American English, so many of these words could be less common in British English.

1. Guerrilla

In Spanish, this word literally means “little war.” In both Spanish and English it can be used to describe an unofficial group of people fighting the government. In English, it’s most commonly used as an adjective, in phrases like “guerrilla warfare” or “guerrilla marketing.”

Note that in Spanish, the “ll” sound is different than in English. As a result, in English this word sounds basically the same as “gorilla,” the animal.

The guerrilla fighters took control of the capital of the country, which gave them control of the government.

2. Macho

This word describes a person who is very strong or masculine. It can also be used to describe a person who is arrogant about his manhood. It’s also been used in the name of a professional wrestler and a popular disco song from the 1970s.

Peter is a real macho guy, but that’s annoying sometimes. He says that “real men don’t cry,” but I think he’s wrong.

3. Patio

In English, “patio” generally describes an area outside a house which often has a table and chairs, but no roof.

It was very hot today, so we decided to go out to the patio to drink a cold glass of lemonade. There are some trees there, too, so the sun wasn’t as bad.

4. Plaza

A plaza describes a public open area in a city, which can sometimes be called a “square.”

“Plaza” is also used in the names of many shopping malls, corporate building areas or other large open areas. If you’re a native Spanish speaker, notice that the pronunciation in English has a vibrated “z” sound, not a soft “s.”

Victoria needed to buy some Christmas presents for her friends, so she went downtown to the new shopping plaza to check out some of the stores that were recently opened.

5. Piñata

This is a happy word that describes a toy that is filled with candy. At parties, children take turns trying to break it open with a stick so the candy will fall out.

We had a birthday party for our 3-year-old boy, but we thought he was probably too young for a piñata. We thought all the kids would get hit in the head with the stick.

6. Siesta

A siesta is another name for “nap,” but it’s generally a nap that one takes in the middle of the day, especially after eating or while taking a break from work.

People often take siestas in hot countries because the middle of the day is when the heat is most intense. So it’s a good time to stay inside and sleep!

Wow, since I ate that big plate of spaghetti, now I’m feeling super tired. I think I’ll take a quick siesta before I get back to work.
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