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新概念英语第四册48课:Planning a share portfolio

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新概念英语第四册48课:Planning a share portfolio

How does the older investor differ in his approach to investment from the younger investor?
There is no shortage of tipsters around offering 'get-rich-quick' opportunities. But if you are a serious private investor, leave the Las Vegas mentality to those with money to fritter. The serious investor needs a proper 'portfolio' -- a well-planned selection of investments, with a definite structure and a clear aim. But exactly how does a newcomer to the stock market go about achieving that?
Well, if you go to five reputable stock brokers and ask them what you should do with your money, you're likely to get five different answers, -- even if you give all the relevant information about your age age, family, finances and what you want from your investments. Moral? There is no one 'right' way to structure a portfolio. However, there are undoubtedly some wrong ways, and you can be sure that none of our five advisers would have suggested sinking all (or perhaps any) of your money into Periwigs*.
So what should you do? We'll assume that you have sorted out the basics -- like mortgages, pensions, insurance and access to sufficient cash reserves. You should then establish your own individual aims. These are partly a matter of personal circumstances, partly a matter of psychology.


For instance, if you are older you have less time to recover from any major losses, and you may well wish to boost your pension income. So preserving your capital and generating extra income are your main priorities. In this case, you'd probably construct a portfolio with some shares (but not high risk ones), along with gilts, cash deposits, and perhaps convertibles or the income shares of split capital investment trusts.
If you are younger, and in a solid financial position, you may decide to take an aggressive approach -- but only if you're blessed with a sanguine disposition and won't suffer sleepless nights over share prices. If portfolio, alongside your more pedestrian in vestments. Once you have decided on your investment aims, you can then decide where to put your money. The golden rule here is spread your risk -- if you put all of your money into Periwigs International, you're setting yourself up as a hostage to fortune.
*'Periwigs' is the name of a fictitious company.
INVESTOR'S CHRONICLE, March 23 1990
New words and expressions 生词和短语
portfolio
n. 投资组合
tipster
n. (以提供证券投机等内部消息为主的)情报贩子
Las Vegas
n. 拉斯韦加斯
fritter
v. 挥霍,浪费
reputable
n. 享有声望的
broker
n. 经纪人
finance
n. 资金,财源
mortgage
n. 抵押贷款
pension
n. 养老金
priority
n. 优先权
gilt
n. 金边证券(高度可靠的证券)
convertible
n. 可换证券
sanguine
adj. 乐观的
heady
adj. 令人陶醉的
alongside
prep. 在……旁边,和……一起
pedestrian
adj. 平淡无奇的,乏味的
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