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新概念英语第四册47课:The great escape

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宁波爱尚英语课程介绍,新概念英语第四册47课:The great escape, 当您想学习英语的时候可致电0574-87884520或到爱尚英语培训学校,我们的客服人员会记录下您的个人联络信息,并随后安排专业的课程顾问与您会面。 课程顾问会根据测试结果以及您的需求为您设计课程,给您介绍爱尚英语的教学体系,学校特色,课程收费。如果您觉得满意就签订合同,办理入学手续,并安排一名专门的辅导老师帮助您完成在爱尚英语的课程。
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The great escape
大逃亡
First listen and then answer the following quesion.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What is one of the features of modern camping where nationality is concerned?
Economy is one powerful motive for camping, since after the initial outlay upon equipment, or through hiring it, the total expense can be far less than the cost of hotels. But, contrary to a popular assumption, it is far from being the only one, or even the greatest. The man who manoeuvres carelessly into his twenty pounds' worth of space at one of Europe's myriad permanent sites may find himself bumping a Bentley. More likely, Ford Escort will be hub to hub with Renault or Mercedes, but rarely with bicycles made for two.
That the equipment of modern camping becomes yearly more sophisticated is an entertaining paradox for the cynic, a brighter promise for the hopeful traveler who has sworn to get away from it all. It also provides-and some student sociologist might care to base his thesis upon the phenomenon -- an escape of another kind. The modern traveller is often a man who dislikes the Splendide and the Bellavista, not because he cannot afford, or shuns their material comforts. but because he is afford of them. Affluent he may be, but he is by no means sure what to tip the doorman or the chambermaid. Master in his own house, he has little idea of when to say boo to a maitre d'hotel.


From all such fears camping releases him. Granted, a snobbery of camping itself, based upon equipment and techniques, already exists; but it is of a kind that, if he meets it, he can readily understand and deal with. There is no superior 'they' in the shape of managements and hotel hierarchies to darken his holiday days.
To such motives, yet another must be added. The contemporary phenomenon of car worship is to be explained not least by the sense of independence and freedom that ownership entails. To this pleasure camping gives an exquisite refinement.
From one's own front door to home or foreign hills or sands and back again, everything is to hand. Not only are the means of arriving at the holiday paradise entirely within one's own command and keeping, but the means of escape from holiday hel (if the beach proves too crowded, the local weather too inclement) are there, outside -- or, as likely, part of -- the tent.
Idealists have objected to the package tour, that the traveller abroad thereby denies himself the opportunity of getting to know the people of the country visited. Insularity and self-containment, it is argued, go hand in hand. The opinion does not survive experience of a popular Continental camping place. Holiday hotels tend to cater for one nationality of visitors especially, sometimes exclusively. Camping sites, by contrast, are highly cosmopolitan. Granted, a preponderance of Germans is a characteristic that seems common to most Mediterranean sites; but as yet there is no overwhelmingly specialized patronage. Notices forbidding the open-air drying of clothes, or the use of water points for car washing, or those inviting 'our camping friends' to a dance or a boat trip are printed not only in French or Italian or Spanish, but also in English, German and Dutch. At meal times the odour of sauerkraut vies with that of garlic. The Frenchman's breakfast coffee competes with the Englishman's bacon and eggs.
Whether the remarkable growth of organized camping means the eventual death of the more independent kind is hard to say. Municipalities naturally want to secure the campers' site fees and other custom. Police are wary of itinerants who cannot be traced to a recognized camp boundary or to four walls. But most probably it will all depend upon campers themselves: how many heath fires they cause; how much litter they leave; in short, whether or not they wholly alienate landowners and those who live in the countryside. Only good scouting is likely to preserve the freedoms so dear to the heart of the eternal Boy Scout.
NIGEL BUXTON The Great Escape from The Weekend Telegraph
现代露营的民族特色是什么?
 
经济是露营的有力动机之一,因为在最初的设备支出之后,或者通过租用设备,总费用可能远低于旅馆的费用。但是,与一个流行的假设相反,它远不是唯一的,甚至是最大的。在欧洲无数的永久遗址之一,粗心地操纵自己价值20英镑的空间的人,可能会发现自己撞上了一辆宾利。更有可能的是,福特护卫车将与雷诺或梅赛德斯成为轮毂,但很少有两辆自行车。
 
现代露营设备一年比一年更先进,这对愤世嫉俗者来说是一个有趣的矛盾,对于发誓要摆脱这一切的充满希望的旅行者来说,是一个更光明的前景。它还提供了一些学生社会学家可能会把他的论文放在这种现象——另一种逃避的基础上。现代旅行者通常不喜欢“辉煌”和“贝拉维斯特”,不是因为他负担不起,或者回避他们的物质享受。而是因为他负担得起。他可能是富裕的,但他不确定给看门人或女服务员小费。主人在他自己的房子里,他不知道什么时候对一家酒店说声“嘘”。
 
从所有这些恐惧中露营释放了他。诚然,露营本身的势利,基于设备和技术,已经存在,但它是一种,如果他遇到它,他可以很容易理解和处理。在管理层和旅馆等级制度上没有“上级”来改善他的假期。
对于这样的动机,还必须加上另一个动机。当代的汽车崇拜现象不仅要用所有权所蕴含的独立和自由感来解释。野营给人以这种优雅的优雅。
从自己的前门到家乡或外国的山丘或沙滩,再回来,一切都是手。到达假日天堂的手段不仅完全在自己的指挥和保持范围内,而且逃离假日地狱的手段(如果海滩证明太拥挤,当地天气太恶劣)也在帐篷外面,或者尽可能地,在帐篷的一部分。
 
理想主义者反对一揽子旅游,认为出国旅行者因此剥夺了自己了解被访问国家的人民的机会。据称,孤立和自我遏制是并行不悖的。这一观点不适用于一个流行的大陆露营地的经历。假日酒店往往迎合一个国家的游客,特别是有时。相比之下,露营地是高度世界性的。诚然,德国人的优势似乎是大多数地中海遗址所共有的特征,但迄今为止还没有绝对的专业赞助人。禁止露天晾晒衣物、禁止用水点洗车、禁止邀请“露营朋友”跳舞或乘船旅行的通知不仅用法语、意大利语或西班牙语印制,而且用英语、德语和荷兰语印制。在吃饭的时候,酸菜的味道和大蒜的味道是一样的。法国人的早餐咖啡和英国人的咸肉和鸡蛋竞争。
 
组织露营的显著增长是否意味着更独立种类的最终死亡是很难说的。市政当局自然想要确保露营者的场地费和其他风俗习惯。警察对不能追踪到一个公认的营地边界或四堵墙的行进者持谨慎态度。但最可能的情况还是要看露营者自己:他们生了多少石南大火;他们留下了多少垃圾;简而言之,他们是否完全疏远了土地所有者和那些住在农村的人。只有良好的童子军才有可能保存永恒童子军内心深处的自由。
 
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