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新概念英语第四册46课:兴趣爱好

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根据作者的说法,谁是“财富宠儿”?
 
一位天才的美国心理学家曾说过,‘忧虑是情感的痉挛,头脑抓住了某样东西,不会放手。’在这种情况下和头脑争论是没有用的。意志越强,任务就越徒劳。一个人只能轻轻地把别的东西塞进痉挛的抓握中。如果这些其他的事情被正确地选择,如果它真的被另一个感兴趣的领域所照亮,逐渐地,并且经常非常迅速地,旧的不适当的抓地力放松并且恢复和修复的过程开始。
 
因此,培养一个爱好和新的兴趣形式对一个公共人来说是第一要务。但是,这不是一个可以在一天内进行的事情,或者仅仅是通过意愿的即刻来完成的。另类心理兴趣的成长是一个漫长的过程。种子必须经过精心挑选,必须落在良好的土地上,如果需要的话,它们必须被精心照料,才能在需要的时候摘到鲜活的果实。
 
要真正快乐和真正安全,一个人至少应该有两种或三种爱好,而且它们都必须是真实的。晚年开始说“我对这个或那个感兴趣”是没有用的。这样的尝试只会加重精神上的负担。一个人可以获得与日常工作无关的知识,但却几乎没有任何益处或救济。做你喜欢的事是没有用的,你必须喜欢你所做的事。Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to hard week's sweat and effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball or Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician or the professional or business man, who has beer working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the weekend.
 
 
 
 
As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands on almost every object of desire -- for them a new pleasure, a new excitement if only an additional satiation. 他们徒劳无功地四处奔跑,企图通过喧哗和行动来逃避无聊的报复。对他们来说,一种或另一种形式的纪律是最有希望的道路。
 
也可以说,理性的、勤劳的、有用的人被分成两类:第一,一。其中,前者占多数。他们得到了补偿。在办公室或工厂里的工作,回报给他们的时间很长,这不仅是谋生的手段,而是一种强烈的对娱乐的需求,哪怕是最简单的、最朴实的方式。但财富的寄托,但热衷于乐趣,即使在最简单和谦虚的形式。但财富宠爱的孩子属于第二类。他们的生活是一种自然的和谐。对他们来说,工作时间永远不够长。每一天都是假日,而通常的假期,他们来的时候,假期强制打断。然而,对两个阶级来说,需要另一种前景,一种氛围的改变,一种努力的转移,这是必不可少的。事实上,它很可能是那些工作即是娱乐的人来说,最需要偶尔放松一下大脑的手段。
 
温斯顿丘吉尔绘画作为消遣

Who, according to the author, are 'Fortune's favoured children'?
a gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.' It is useless to argue with the mind in this condition. The stronger the will, the more futile the task. One can only gently insinuate something else into its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it really attended by the illumination of another field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins.
The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man. But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds must by carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be at hand when needed.
To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is no use starting late in life to say: 'I will take an interest in this or that.' Such an attempt only aggravates the strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to hard week's sweat and effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball or Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician or the professional or business man, who has beer working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the weekend.


As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands on almost every object of desire -- for them a new pleasure, a new excitement if only an additional satiation. In vain they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful path.
It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful human being are divided into two classes: first, one. Of these the former are the majority. They have their compensations. The long hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward, not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But Fortune's of sustenance, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and modest forms. But Fortune's favoured children belong to the second class. Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well be that those work is their pleasure are those who and most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds.
WINSTON CHURCHLL Painting as a Pastime

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