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英语几种句型结构示范

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学习资料

英语几种句型结构示范
Sentence Structures
句型结构
Writing in English begins with the sentence. Sentences are then combined into paragraphs. Finally, paragraphs are used to write longer structures such as essays, business reports, etc.
英语写作都是以句子开头,句子又组成段落。最后,段落形成更长的结构,如短文、商务报告等等。
The first sentence structure is the most common:
第一种句型结构是最常见的:

1.Simple Sentences
简单句
Simple sentences contain no conjunction (i.e., and, but, or, etc.).
简单句中没有连接词(如and, but, or等)
Frank ate his dinner quickly.
(弗兰克飞快地吃了饭。)
Peter and Sue visited the museum last Saturday.
(上个星期六,皮特和苏去了博物馆。)
Are you coming to the party?
(你会去那个派对吗?)

2.Compound Sentences
并列复合句
Compound sentences contain two statements that are connected by a conjunction (i.e., and, but, or, etc.).
复合句由两个陈述构成,这两个陈述由连接词(如and, but or等)连在一起。
Practice writing compound sentences with this compound sentence writing exercise.
利用下面的练习来试着写写复合句。
I wanted to come, but it was late.
(我是想来的,但晚了。)
The company had an excellent year, so they gave everyone a bonus.
(公司这年效益不错,所以给每个人都准备了奖金。)
I went shopping, and my wife went to her classes.
(我去购物,我妻子去上课。)

3.Complex Sentences
主从复合句
Complex sentences contain a dependent clause and at least one independent clause. The two clauses are connected by a subordinator (i.e, which, who, although, despite, if, since, etc.).
主从复合句中含有一个独立的从句,且至少有一个。两个从句由一个从属连词(如which, who, although, despite, if, since等)连接起来。
My daughter, who was late for class, arrived shortly after the bell rang.
(我女儿上课迟到了,铃声响了一会才到。)
That's the man who bought our house.
(就是那个男人买下了我们的房子。)
Although it was difficult, the class passed the test with excellent marks.
(虽然难度很高,这个班级还是以高分通过了测试。)

4.Compound - Complex Sentences
并列复合句—主从复合句
Compound - complex sentences contain at least one dependent clause and more than one independent clause. The clauses are connected by both conjunctions (i.e., but, so, and, etc.) and subordinators (i.e., who, because, although, etc.)
并列复合句和主从复合句都含有一个或以上的独立的从句。从句由连词(如but, so, and等)和从属连词(如who, because, although等)
John, who briefly visited last month, won the prize, and he took a short vacation.
(上个月短暂地拜访的约翰,他得了奖,然后开始了短暂的假期。)
Jack forgot his friend's birthday, so he sent him a card when he finally remembered.
(杰克忘记了朋友的生日,等他最后想起来的时候,就送了一张卡片。)
The report which Tom compiled was presented to the board, but it was rejected because it was too complex.
(汤姆编辑的那份报告被提交到了董事会,但最终因为太复杂被打回来了。)
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