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substitution替换(人或物)

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宁波爱尚英语课程介绍,substitution替换(人或物), 当您想学习英语的时候可致电0574-87884520或到爱尚英语培训学校,我们的客服人员会记录下您的个人联络信息,并随后安排专业的课程顾问与您会面。 您的辅导老师会亲自为您上入学的第一课:给您介绍具体的课程安排,教您如何预订中外教课程、遇到困难如何求助等等。



学习资料

substitution是指“替换(人或物)”的动作或行为,如:The substitution was made ten minutes before the end of the game.(在比赛结束前十分钟做了换人的调整。)substitute是指“替换的人/物”。

3.   Our team suffered from two defeats last week.(x)
      Our team suffered two defeats last week.(√)

suffer from+疾病/贫穷/饥饿等,表“遭受·一的痛苦”,如:The patient suffers from Alzheier's disease.(这名病人患有早老性痴呆病。)suffer+受伤/疼痛/损失/挫败,不搭配from。

4.   It was a suicidal attack, if I remember correctly.(x)
      It was a suicide attack, if I remember correctly.(√)

suicidal是形容词,表“想自杀的”,如:The patient has suicidal tendencies.(这名病人有自杀的倾向。)a suicide attack / bombing / mission表“一个自杀式的攻击/轰炸/任务”,是固定用法。

5.   In the morning we did some sunbath on the beach.(x)
      In the morning we did some sunbathing on the beach.(√)

sunbath这个词并不存在。欲表达“做日光浴”,须用sunbathe或go sunbathing / do some sunbathing。

6.   A lot of medical supply will be sent to the war-torn country.(x)
      A lot of medical supplies will be sent to the war-torn country. (√)

表“补给”或“供应”的行为时,supply是不可数名词,如:Oil is in short supply because of the war.(因为战争,油的供应减少。)表“补给品”或“需用物资”时,恒用复数的supplies。

7.   Will she take the supportive role in the film?(x)
      Will she take the supporting role in the film?(√)

supportive表“(态度)支持的”,如:My family was very supportive when I decided to join the army.(当我决定要从军时,我的家人都很支持我。)表影视剧中的“配角”,限用supporting来修饰。

8.   I'll surely stand up for you if anyone criticizes you.(x)
      fll definitely stand up for you if anyone criticizes you.(√)

陈述你认为某事为真时,可用surely或definitely,如:It is surely / definitely the stupidest thing she has ever said.(这肯定是她曾讲过的最愚蠢的话。)强调某事一定会发生时,限用definitely.

9.   He was taken to the hospital with suspicious concussion.(x)
      He was taken to the hospital with suspected concussion.(√)

suspicious表:(1)(生性)怀疑的,如:She is suspicious of every stramger.(她怀疑每一个陌生人。)(2)可疑的,如:There's something suspicious about his leaving so soon.(他离开的匆忙,有点可疑。)suspected表“被怀疑(染病/犯罪)”,如:The suspected arsonist was arrested.(这名涉嫌纵火者被逮捕了。)

10.   Let's go for swimming this afternoon.(x)
        Let's go swimming 1 for a swim this afternoon.(√)
 

“去游泳”的说法是go swimming或go for a swim或take / have a dip。


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