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BBC中国故事 古代占卜

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BBC中国故事 古代占卜

At Anyang, Chinese archaeologists made their greatest discovery.

Huge tombs of the last Shang kings with mass human sacrifice and crucially, written texts on oracle bones.

1928 they finally found the location and they started the excavation.

From the excavation they found nearly 30,000 oracle bones.....

documenting divination performed on behalf of nine late Shang kings.

- I love all the portraits of the people.

- Yes, yes.

There is something so optimistic about their faces.

They thought that their task is to prove that Chinese history was true.

Epoch-making, in world archaeology, really.

Absolutely, yes.

- Now we knew that they were historical.

- Yes.

Anyang was the final capital of the Shang Dynasty.

They ruled for 500 years, controlling the whole of central China.

The first Chinese state.

Their authority rested on force but was validated by divination.

The Shang kings and their diviners burned cracks in tortoise shells or cow bones to speak to the ancestors.

So basically, they chose one piece of bone or shell and then they drilled some holes, and then they heat up these holes with some special plants

and then these will create some cracks, and then they look at the pattern of these cracks.

- And the cracks come the other side, is that right?

- Yes.

And then they can read these patterns and make their predictions about whether these divinations are auspicious or it is actually against the will of the ancestral spirits,

so they should not be carrying out the activity they were asking for.

- So the diviners are asking for the favour of the ancestral spirits.

- Yes.

So basically it's their special way to communicate with their ancestors.

- The ancestors are the key people in their mental universe.

- Yes.

Fantastic.

Basically, in every aspect of their society, including, for instance, the harvest.

This one is even about praying for rain.

Rain and water would be a big part of their concerns living in the Yellow River plain, I suppose.

Yes, for agricultural society it is absolutely crucial.
 

在安阳,中国考古学家发现了他们最大的发现。
 
最后商朝国王的巨大坟墓,有大量的人类祭祀和甲骨文上的重要文字。
 
1928他们终于找到了地点,开始挖掘。
 
从挖掘他们发现近30000甲骨文…
 
代九晚商王占卜占卜。
 
-我喜欢所有人的肖像。
 
-是的,是的。
 
他们的脸上有些乐观。
 
他们认为他们的任务是证明中国历史是真实的。
 
划时代,在世界考古学中,真的吗?。
 
当然,是的。
 
-现在我们知道它们是历史的。
 
-是的。
 
安阳是商朝的最后首都。
 
他们统治了500年,中国的整个控制中心。
 
第一个中国国家。
 
他们的权威依靠武力,但得到了占卜的证实。
 
商王占卜的裂纹和烧龟甲或牛的骨头和祖先。
 
所以基本上,他们选择一块骨头或壳,然后钻出一些洞,然后用一些特殊的植物加热这些洞。
 
然后这些会产生一些裂缝,然后再看看这些裂缝的模式。
 
-裂缝到另一边,对吗?
 
-是的。
 
然后他们可以阅读这些模式和关于这些预言是吉祥或它实际上是对祖灵的将他们的预测,
 
所以他们不应该进行他们要求的活动。
 
所以占卜的要求对祖先神灵的青睐。
 
-是的。
 
所以基本上这是他们与祖先交流的特殊方式。
 
-祖先是他们精神世界中的关键人物。
 
-是的。
 
好极了.
 
基本上,在他们社会的各个方面,例如,收获。
 
这一个甚至是祈求雨。
 
我想,雨水和水将是他们生活在黄河平原的重要组成部分。
 
是的,对于农业社会来说,这是至关重要的。

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